Table 1: Results of hindcasts of station annual minimum temperature.

1 year ahead 2 years ahead
Climatology Trend Climatology Trend

RMSE 3.97 3.88 3.99 3.85
MAE 3.15 3.03 3.17 3.00
Bias −1.05 +0.11 −1.13 +0.01

RMSE: root mean square error; MAE: mean absolute error; units are K.