- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 413584, 13 pages
Importance of the Numerical Representation of Shallow and Deep Convection for Simulations of Dust Transport over a Desert Region
Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611-0011, Japan
Received 18 January 2012; Accepted 11 March 2012
Academic Editor: Dimitris G. Kaskaoutis
Copyright © 2012 Tetsuya Takemi. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- J. K. S. Ching and J. A. Alkezweeny, “Tracer study of vertical exchange by cumulus clouds.,” Journal of Climate & Applied Meteorology, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 1702–1711, 1986.
- A. S. Goudie and N. J. Middleton, Desert Dust in the Global System, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2006.
- Y. Shao, Physics and Modeling of Wind Erosion, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2nd edition, 2008.
- C. Luo, N. Mahowald, and C. Jones, “Temporal variability of dust mobilization and concentration in source regions,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 109, no. 20, Article ID D20202, 13 pages, 2004.
- J. Koch and N. O. Renno, “The role of convective plumes and vortices on the global aerosol budget,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 32, no. 18, Article ID L18806, 5 pages, 2005.
- M. Holzer and T. M. Hall, “Low-level transpacific transport,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 112, no. 9, Article ID D09103, 2007.
- M. Yasui, J. Zhou, L. Liu, T. Itabe, K. Mizutani, and T. Aoki, “Vertical profiles of aeolian dust in a desert atmosphere observed using lidar in Shapotou, China,” Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 149–171, 2005.
- M. Yasui, L. Liu, T. Itabe et al., “Dust profiles of the atmospheric boundary layer observed by a laser ceilometer at Shapotou, China in 2004,” in Lidar Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring VII, U. N. Singh, T. Itabe, and D. N. Rao, Eds., vol. 6409 of Proceedings of SPIE, Goa, India, November 2006.
- M. Gamo, “Thickness of the dry convection and large-scale subsidence above deserts,” Boundary-Layer Meteorology, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 265–278, 1996.
- T. Takemi and T. Satomura, “Numerical experiments on the mechanisms for the development and maintenance of long-lived squall lines in dry environments,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 57, no. 11, pp. 1718–1740, 2000.
- R. V. Cakmur, R. L. Miller, and O. Torres, “Incorporating the effect of small-scale circulations upon dust emission in an atmospheric general circulation model,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 109, no. 7, Article ID D07201, 20 pages, 2004.
- R. L. Miller, J. Perlwitz, and I. Tegen, “Feedback upon dust emission by dust radiative forcing through the planetary boundary layer,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 109, no. 24, Article ID D24209, 17 pages, 2004.
- W. W. Grabowski, X. Wu, and M. W. Moncrieff, “Cloud-resolving modeling of tropical cloud systems during phase III of GATE. Part I: two-dimensional experiments,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 53, no. 24, pp. 3684–3709, 1996.
- M. L. Weisman, W. C. Skamarock, and J. B. Klemp, “The resolution dependence of explicitly modeled convective systems,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 125, no. 4, pp. 527–548, 1997.
- G. H. Bryan, J. C. Wyngaard, and J. M. Fritsch, “Resolution requirements for the simulation of deep moist convection,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 131, pp. 2394–2416, 2003.
- G. H. Bryan, “Spurious convective organization in simulated squall lines owing to moist absolutely unstable layers,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 133, no. 7, pp. 1978–1997, 2005.
- C. Liu and M. W. Moncrieff, “Sensitivity of cloud-resolving simulations of warm-season convection to cloud microphysics parameterizations,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 135, no. 8, pp. 2854–2868, 2007.
- R. J. Trapp, B. A. Halvorson, and N. S. Diffenbaugh, “Telescoping, multimodel approaches to evaluate extreme convective weather under future climates,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 112, no. 20, Article ID D20109, 2007.
- F. Zhang, N. Bei, R. Rotunno, C. Snyder, and C. C. Epifanio, “Mesoscale predictability of moist baroclinic waves: convection-permitting experiments and multistage error growth dynamics,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 64, no. 10, pp. 3579–3594, 2007.
- J. Smagorinsky, “General circulation experiments with the primitive equations. I: The basic experiment,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 91, pp. 99–164, 1963.
- D. K. Lilly, “On the numerical simulation of buoyant convection,” Tellus, vol. 14, pp. 148–172, 1962.
- J. W. Deardorff, “Stratocumulus-capped mixed layers derived from a three-dimensional model,” Boundary-Layer Meteorology, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 495–527, 1980.
- J. B. Klemp and R. B. Wilhelmson, “The simulation of three-dimensional convective storm dynamics,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 35, pp. 1070–1096, 1978.
- T. Takemi and R. Rotunno, “The effects of subgrid model mixing and numerical filtering in simulations of mesoscale cloud systems,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 131, pp. 2085–2101, 2003, Corrigendum, vol. 133, pp. 339–341, 2005.
- W. C. Skamarock, “Evaluating mesoscale NWP models using kinetic energy spectra,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 132, no. 12, pp. 3019–3032, 2004.
- M. Khairoutdinov and D. Randall, “High-resolution simulation of shallow-to-deep convection transition over land,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 63, no. 12, pp. 3421–3436, 2006.
- A. Cheng and K. M. Xu, “Simulation of shallow cumuli and their transition to deep convective clouds by cloud-resolving models with different third-order turbulence closures,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol. 132, no. 615, pp. 359–382, 2006.
- T. Takemi, “An eddy-resolving simulation of the diurnal variation of fair-weather convection and tracer transport,” Atmospheric Research, vol. 89, no. 3, pp. 270–282, 2008.
- G. Matheou, D. Chung, L. Nuijens, B. Stevens, and J. Teixeira, “On the fidelity of large-eddy simulation of shallow precipitating cumulus convection,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 139, pp. 2918–2939, 2011.
- M. Xue, K. K. Droegemeier, and V. Wong, “The Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS) - A multi-scale nonhydrostatic atmospheric simulation and prediction model. Part I: model dynamics and verification,” Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, vol. 75, no. 3-4, pp. 161–193, 2000.
- M. Xue, K. K. Droegemeier, V. Wong et al., “The Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS)—a multi-scale nonhydrostatic atmospheric simulation and prediction tool. Part II: model physics and applications,” Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, vol. 76, no. 3-4, pp. 143–165, 2001.
- T. Takemi, M. Yasui, J. Zhou, and L. Liu, “Role of boundary layer and cumulus convection on dust emission and transport over a midlatitude desert area,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 111, no. 11, Article ID D11203, 2006.
- M. Mikami, G. Y. Shi, I. Uno et al., “Aeolian dust experiment on climate impact: an overview of Japan-China joint project ADEC,” Global and Planetary Change, vol. 52, no. 1–4, pp. 142–172, 2006.
- T. Takemi, “Structure and evolution of a severe squall line over the arid region in Northwest China,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 127, no. 6, pp. 1301–1309, 1999.
- T. Takemi, “Explicit simulations of convective-scale transport of mineral dust in severe convective weather,” Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 187–203, 2005.
- M. Liu and D. L. Westphal, “A study of the sensitivity of simulated mineral dust production to model resolution,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 106, no. 16, pp. 18099–18112, 2001.
- D. L. Westphal, O. B. Toon, and T. N. Carlson, “A case study of mobilization and transport of Saharan dust,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 45, no. 15, pp. 2145–2175, 1988.
- T. Takemi, “Evaporation of rain falling below a cloud base through a deep atmospheric boundary layer over an arid region,” Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 387–397, 1999.
- D. R. Durran, Numerical Methods for Wave Equations in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 1999.