- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 725343, 10 pages
Estimation of Natural Variability and Detection of Anthropogenic Signal in Summertime Precipitation over South America
1Unidad de Ciencias de la Atmósfera, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República, Iguá 4225, Montevideo 11400, Uruguay
2Instituto de Matemática y Estadística Rafael Laguardia, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de la República, Herrera y Reissig 565, Montevideo 11300, Uruguay
Received 27 March 2012; Revised 8 July 2012; Accepted 12 July 2012
Academic Editor: Soon-Il An
Copyright © 2012 Stefanie Talento and Marcelo Barreiro. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- E. Hawkins and R. Sutton, “The potential to narrow uncertainty in regional climate predictions,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 90, no. 8, pp. 1095–1107, 2009.
- A. Solomon, L. Goddard, A. Kumar et al., “Distinguishing the roles of natural and anthropogenically forced decadal climate variability: implications for prediction,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 141–156, 2011.
- P. D. Jones and G. C. Hegerl, “Comparisons of two methods of removing anthropogenically related variability from the near-surface observational temperature field,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 103, no. 12, pp. 13777–13786, 1998.
- M. Collins, T. J. Osborn, S. F. B. Tett, K. R. Briffa, and F. H. Schweingruber, “A comparison of the variability of a climate model with paleotemperature estimates from a network of tree-ring densities,” Journal of Climate, vol. 15, no. 13, pp. 1497–1515, 2002.
- T. P. Barnett, K. Hasselmann, M. Chelliah et al., “Detection and attribution of recent climate change: a status report,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 80, no. 12, pp. 2631–2659, 1999.
- IPCC 2007, G. C. Hegerl, F. W. Zwiers et al., “Understanding and Attributing Climate Change,” in Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning et al., Eds., Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2007.
- P. A. Stott, S. F. B. Tett, G. S. Jones, M. R. Allen, W. J. Ingram, and J. F. B. Mitchell, “Attribution of twentieth century temperature change to natural and anthropogenic causes,” Climate Dynamics, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1–21, 2001.
- S. F. B. Tett, R. Betts, T. J. Crowley et al., “The impact of natural and anthropogenic forcings on climate and hydrology since 1550,” Climate Dynamics, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 3–34, 2007.
- K. L. Swanson, G. Sugihara, and A. A. Tsonis, “Long-term natural variability and 20th century climate change,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 106, no. 38, pp. 16120–16123, 2009.
- C. Junquas, C. Vera, L. Li, and H. Le Treut, “Summer precipitation variability over Southeastern South America in a global warming scenario,” Climate Dynamics, vol. 38, no. 9-10, pp. 1867–1883, 2012.
- J. Nogués-Paegle and K. C. Mo, “Alternating wet and dry conditions over South America during summer,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 125, no. 2, pp. 279–291, 1997.
- M. E. Doyle and V. R. Barros, “Midsummer low-level circulation and precipitation in subtropical South America and related sea surface temperature anomalies in the South Atlantic,” Journal of Climate, vol. 15, no. 23, pp. 3394–3410, 2002.
- V. Barros, M. Gonzalez, B. Liebmann, and I. Camilloni, “Influence of the South Atlantic convergence zone and South Atlantic Sea surface temperature on interannual summer rainfall variability in Southeastern South America,” Theoretical and Applied Climatology, vol. 67, no. 3-4, pp. 123–133, 2000.
- A. W. Robertson and C. R. Mechoso, “Interannual and interdecadal variability of the South Atlantic convergence zone,” Monthly Weather Review, vol. 128, no. 8, pp. 2947–2957, 2000.
- A. M. Grimm and M. T. Zilli, “Interannual variability and seasonal evolution of summer monsoon rainfall in South America,” Journal of Climate, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 2257–2275, 2009.
- J. N. Paegle and K. C. Mo, “Linkages between summer rainfall variability over South America and sea surface temperature anomalies,” Journal of Climate, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 1389–1407, 2002.
- P. Xie and P. A. Arkin, “Global Precipitation: A 17-year monthly analysis based on gauge observations, satellite estimates, and numerical model outputs,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 78, no. 11, pp. 2539–2558, 1997.
- C. Gordon, C. Cooper, C. A. Senior et al., “The simulation of SST, sea ice extents and ocean heat transports in a version of the Hadley Centre coupled model without flux adjustments,” Climate Dynamics, vol. 16, no. 2-3, pp. 147–168, 2000.
- R. R. Chaves and P. Nobre, “Interactions between sea surface temperature over the South Atlantic Ocean and the South Atlantic Convergence Zone,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 31, no. 3, Article ID L03204, 4 pages, 2004.
- M. Barreiro, P. Chang, and R. Saravanan, “Variability of the South Atlantic convergence zone simulated by an atmospheric general circulation model,” Journal of Climate, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 745–763, 2002.
- M. Barreiro, P. Chang, and R. Saravanan, “Simulated precipitation response to SST forcing and potential predictability in the region of the South Atlantic convergence zone,” Climate Dynamics, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 105–114, 2005.
- V. N. Livina, F. Kwasniok, and T. M. Lenton, “Potential analysis reveals changing number of climate states during the last 60 kyr,” Climate of the Past, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 77–82, 2010.
- F. Kwasniok and G. Lohmann, “Deriving dynamical models from paleoclimatic records: application to glacial millennial-scale climate variability,” Physical Review E, vol. 80, no. 6, Article ID 066104, 2009.
- M. F. Schilling, A. E. Watkins, and W. Watkins, “Is human height bimodal?” American Statistician, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 223–229, 2002.
- I. Wainer and S. A. Venegas, “South Atlantic multidecadal variability in the climate system model,” Journal of Climate, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 1408–1420, 2002.