- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Annual Issues ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Recently Accepted Articles ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 850704, 9 pages
The Three-Dimensional Structure of Transatlantic African Dust Transport: A New Perspective from CALIPSO LIDAR Measurements
1Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Composition and Optical Radiation, Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei, Anhui 230031, China
2Department of Atmospheric Science, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82072, USA
Received 20 January 2012; Revised 17 August 2012; Accepted 23 August 2012
Academic Editor: Achuthan Jayaraman
Copyright © 2012 Dong Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- I. N. Sokolik, “The spectral radiative signature of wind-blown mineral dust: implications for remote sensing in the thermal IR region,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 29, no. 24, article 2154, 4 pages, 2002.
- H. E. Brindley and J. E. Russell, “An assessment of Saharan dust loading and the corresponding cloud-free longwave direct radiative effect from geostationary satellite observations,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 114, no. 23, Article ID D23201, 2009.
- Z. Levin, E. Ganor, and V. Gladstein, “The effects of desert particles coated with sulfate on rain formation in the eastern Mediterranean,” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 1511–1523, 1996.
- P. J. DeMott, K. Sassen, M. R. Poellot et al., “African dust aerosols as atmospheric ice nuclei,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 30, 4, 1732 pages, 2009.
- K. Sassen, P. J. DeMott, J. M. Prospero, and M. R. Poellot, “Saharan dust storms and indirect aerosol effects on clouds: CRYSTAL-FACE results,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 30, article1633, 2003.
- S. C. van den Heever, G. G. Carrió, W. R. Cotton, P. J. DeMott, and A. J. Prenni, “Impacts of nucleating aerosol on Florida storms—part I: mesoscale simulations,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 63, no. 7, pp. 1752–1775, 2006.
- C. H. Twohy, S. M. Kreidenweis, T. Eidhammer et al., “Saharan dust particles nucleate droplets in eastern Atlantic clouds,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 36, no. 1, Article ID L01807, 2009.
- Q. L. Min, R. Li, B. Lin et al., “Evidence of mineral dust altering cloud microphysics and precipitation,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 9, no. 9, pp. 3223–3231, 2009.
- N. M. Mahowald, A. R. Baker, G. Bergametti et al., “Atmospheric global dust cycle and iron inputs to the ocean,” Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 19, Article ID GB4025, 2005.
- C. Textor, M. Schulz, S. Guibert et al., “Analysis and quantification of the diversities of aerosol life cycles within AeroCom,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 1777–1813, 2006.
- IPCC, “Climate change 2007,” in The Physical Science Basis, S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning et al., Eds., Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2007.
- J. M. Prospero, R. A. Glaccum, and R. T. Nees, “Atmospheric transport of soil dust from Africa to South America,” Nature, vol. 289, no. 5798, pp. 570–572, 1981.
- J. S. Reid, H. H. Jonsson, H. B. Maring et al., “Comparison of size and morphological measurements of coarse mode dust particles from Africa,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 108, article 8593, 2003.
- D. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. Liu, D. Winker, and C. Trepte, “A height resolved global view of dust aerosols from the first year CALIPSO LIDAR measurements,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 113, no. 16, Article ID D16214, 2008.
- R. B. Husar, J. M. Prospero, and L. L. Stowe, “Characterization of tropospheric aerosols over the oceans with the NOAA advanced very high resolution radiometer optical thickness operational product,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 102, no. 14, pp. 16889–16909, 1997.
- C. Moulin, C. E. Lambert, F. Dulac, and U. Dayan, “Control of atmospheric export of dust from North Africa by the North Atlantic Oscillation,” Nature, vol. 387, no. 6634, pp. 691–694, 1997.
- J. M. Prospero, P. Ginoux, O. Torres, S. E. Nicholson, and T. E. Gill, “Environmental characterization of global sources of atmospheric soil dust identified with the Nimbus 7 Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) absorbing aerosol product,” Reviews of Geophysics, vol. 40, article 1002, 2002.
- Y. J. Kaufman, I. Koren, L. A. Remer, D. Tanré, P. Ginoux, and S. Fan, “Dust transport and deposition observed from the Terra-Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) spacecraft over the Atlantic Ocean,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 110, Article ID D10S12, 2005.
- K. M. Lau and K. M. Kim, “Cooling of the atlantic by saharan dust,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 34, Article ID L23811, 2007.
- H. Zhang, G. M. McFarquhar, S. M. Saleeby, and W. R. Cotton, “Impacts of Saharan dust as CCN on the evolution of an idealized tropical cyclone,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 34, no. 14, Article ID L14812, 2007.
- D. M. Winker, W. H. Hunt, and M. J. McGill, “Initial performance assessment of CALIOP,” Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 34, Article ID L19803, 2007.
- G. L. Stephens, D. G. Vane, D. Tanelli, et al., “The CloudSat mission: performance and early science after the first year of operation,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 113, Article ID D00A18, 2008.
- G. L. Stephens, “The CloudSat mission and the A-Train,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 83, pp. 1771–1790, 2002.
- M. Vaughan, S. Young, D. Winker et al., “Fully automated analysis of space-based LIDAR data: an overview of the CALIPSO retrieval algorithms and data products,” in Laser Radar Techniques for Atmospheric Sensing, Proceedings of SPIE, pp. 16–30, September 2004.
- Z. Liu, M. Vaughan, D. Winker et al., “The CALIPSO LIDAR cloud and aerosol discrimination: version 2 algorithm and initial assessment of performance,” Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 1198–1213, 2009.
- D. C. Leon, Z. Wang, and D. Liu, “Climatology of drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds based on 1 year of data from CloudSat and Cloud-Aerosol LIDAR and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO),” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 114, no. 8, Article ID D00A14, 2009.
- K. Sassen, “LIDAR backscatter depolarization technique for cloud and aerosol research,” in Light Scattering by Nonspherical Particles: Theory, Measurements, and Geophysical Applications, M. L. Mishchenko, J. W. Hovenier, and L. D. Travis, Eds., pp. 393–416, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif, USA, 2000.
- Z. Liu, A. Omar, M. Vaughan et al., “CALIPSO LIDAR observations of the optical properties of Saharan dust: a case study of long-range transport,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 113, no. 7, Article ID D07207, 2008.
- A. H. Omar, D. M. Winker, C. Kittaka et al., “The CALIPSO automated aerosol classification and LIDAR ratio selection algorithm,” Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 1994–2014, 2009.
- F. G. Fernald, “Analysis of atmospheric LIDAR observations: some comments,” Applied Optics, vol. 23, pp. 652–653, 1984.
- Y. Hu, K. Stamnes, M. Vaughan et al., “Sea surface wind speed estimation from space-based LIDAR measurements,” Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 8, no. 13, pp. 3593–3601, 2008.
- H. Maring, D. L. Savoie, M. A. Izaguirre, L. Custals, and J. S. Reid, “Mineral dust aerosol size distribution change during atmospheric transport,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 108, no. 19, article 8592, 2003.
- M. Chin, P. Ginoux, S. Kinne et al., “Tropospheric aerosol optical thickness from the GOCART model and comparisons with satellite and sun photometer measurements,” Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 461–483, 2002.
- C. Moulin, F. Dulac, C. E. Lambert et al., “Long-term daily monitoring of Saharan dust load over ocean using Meteosat ISCCP-B2 data 2. Accuracy of the method and validation using Sun photometer measurements,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 102, no. 14, pp. 16959–16969, 1997.
- P. Ginoux, M. Chin, I. Tegen et al., “Sources and distributions of dust aerosols simulated with the GOCART model,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 106, no. 17, pp. 20255–20273, 2001.
- C. S. Zender, H. Bian, and D. Newman, “Mineral Dust Entrainment and Deposition (DEAD) model: description and 1990s dust climatology,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 108, no. 14, article 4416, 2003.
- M. A. Miller and A. Slingo, “The ARM Mobile Facility and its first international deployment: measuring radiative flux divergence in West Africa,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol. 88, no. 8, pp. 1229–1244, 2007.
- P. Ginoux, J. M. Prospero, O. Torres, and M. Chin, “Long-term simulation of global dust distribution with the GOCART model: correlation with North Atlantic Oscillation,” Environmental Modelling and Software, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 113–128, 2004.
- C. Timmreck and M. Schulz, “Significant dust simulation differences in nudged and climatological operation mode of the AGCM ECHAM,” Journal of Geophysical Research D, vol. 109, no. 13, Article ID D13202, p. D13202, 2004.
- J. M. Prospero and R. T. Nees, “Impact of the North African drought and El Nino on mineral dust in the Barbados trade winds,” Nature, vol. 320, no. 6064, pp. 735–738, 1986.
- S. Engelstaedter and R. Washington, “Atmospheric controls on the annual cycle of North African dust,” Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 112, Article ID D03103, 2007.
- NCEP Reanalysis data are from the NOAA-CIRES Climate Diagnostics Center, http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/.