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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 696202, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/696202
Research Article

A Subgrid Parameterization for Wind Turbines in Weather Prediction Models with an Application to Wind Resource Limits

1School of Meteorology, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73072-7307, USA
2Department of Geography and Earth Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223-0001, USA

Received 10 September 2013; Accepted 22 December 2013; Published 9 January 2014

Academic Editor: Huei-Ping Huang

Copyright © 2014 B. H. Fiedler and A. S. Adams. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A subgrid parameterization is offered for representing wind turbines in weather prediction models. The parameterization models the drag and mixing the turbines cause in the atmosphere, as well as the electrical power production the wind causes in the wind turbines. The documentation of the parameterization is complete; it does not require knowledge of proprietary data of wind turbine characteristics. The parameterization is applied to a study of wind resource limits in a hypothetical giant wind farm. The simulated production density was found not to exceed , peaking at a deployed capacity density of and decreasing slightly as capacity density increased to .