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Advances in Meteorology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 904571, 17 pages
Impacts of Aerosol Particle Size Distribution and Land Cover Land Use on Precipitation in a Coastal Urban Environment Using a Cloud-Resolving Mesoscale Model
Department of Mechanical Engineering, The City College of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA
Received 22 July 2013; Revised 22 September 2013; Accepted 1 December 2013; Published 14 January 2014
Academic Editor: George A. Isaac
Copyright © 2014 Nathan Hosannah and Jorge E. Gonzalez. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Table A1 NLCD 2006 Land classes and their properties. Source: http://www.mrlc.gov/nlcd06_leg.php
Table A2: LEAF-3 land designations and properties.
Fig. A1: Synthesis of urban effects on precipitation. Based on the ideas of Bornstein (2011) but created by Niyogi (2011), Grimmond (2011), and Shepherd (2011).
Fig. A2: Surface Pressure map for the Northeast United States on 11 July 2007 suggest that rainfall was not due to major synoptic influences or direct frontal movement. Source: http://nomads.ncdc.noaa.gov
Fig. A3: The Skew-T plot ten hours prior to the rainfall on 11 July 2007. Here the Dew Point line experiences instability in the atmosphere at 300mb. Source: http://weather.uwyo.edu/upperair/sounding.html
Fig. A4: PSD for three sites for 11 July 2007 (HVFM) and 18 July 2007 (HVCM) over NYC, Cartel (45N/71W) and the Maryland Science Center (39N/76W).
Fig. A5: RAMS Grid set up in the Northeastern United States. The grid resolutions are 16 km, 4 km, and 1 km for grids 1, 2, and 3 respectively.
Fig. A6: AERONET PSD data for July 2007. Blue arrows highlight 11 July 2007 data, red arrows highlight 18 July 2007 data. The dashed green arrows represent the average used for cases in which PSD was not updated. a) Fine mode modal radius. b) Coarse mode modal radius. c) Fine mode number concentration. d) Coarse mode number concentration.
Fig.A7: RAMS model inputs showing data ingestion from AERONET, and assimilation from NLCD/NCEP.