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Advances in Mathematical Physics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 463610, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/463610
Research Article

Werner State Structure and Entanglement Classification

1Department of Mathematical Sciences, Lebanon Valley College, Annvile, PA 17003, USA
2Department of Physics, Lebanon Valley College, Annvile, PA 17003, USA

Received 28 September 2011; Accepted 16 January 2012

Academic Editor: B. G. Konopelchenko

Copyright © 2012 David W. Lyons et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

We present applications of the representation theory of Lie groups to the analysis of structure and local unitary classification of Werner states, sometimes called the decoherence-free states, which are states of n quantum bits left unchanged by local transformations that are the same on each particle. We introduce a multiqubit generalization of the singlet state and a construction that assembles these qubits into Werner states.