Advances in Mathematical Physics
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The latest articles from Hindawi Publishing Corporation
© 2015 , Hindawi Publishing Corporation . All rights reserved.

Coupling Influence on Signal Readout of a DualParameter LC Resonant System
Mon, 25 May 2015 11:59:08 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/437869/
Dualparameter inductivecapacitive (LC) resonant sensor is gradually becoming the measurement trend in complex harsh environments; however, the coupling between inductors greatly affects the readout signal, which becomes very difficult to resolve by means of simple mathematical tools. By changing the values of specific variables in a MATLAB code, the influence of coupling between coils on the readout signal is analyzed. Our preliminary conclusions underline that changing the coupling to antenna greatly affects the readout signal, but it simultaneously influences the other signal. When , it is better to broaden the difference between the two coupling coefficients and . On the other side, when is smaller than , it is better to decrease the coupling between sensor inductors , in order to obtain two readout signals averaged in strength. Finally, a test system including a discrete capacitor soldered to a printed circuit board (PCB) based planar spiral coil is built, and the readout signals under different relative inductors positions are analyzed. All experimental results are in good agreement with the results of the MATLAB simulation.
Jijun Xiong, Tanyong Wei, Tao Luo, Qiulin Tan, Chenyang Xue, Jun Liu, and Wendong Zhang
Copyright © 2015 Jijun Xiong et al. All rights reserved.

Comparison of 3D Adaptive Remeshing Strategies for Finite Element Simulations of Electromagnetic Heating of Gold Nanoparticles
Sun, 24 May 2015 11:54:32 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/469310/
The optical properties of metallic nanoparticles are well known, but the study of their thermal behavior is in its infancy. However the local heating of surrounding medium, induced by illuminated nanostructures, opens the way to new sensors and devices. Consequently the accurate calculation of the electromagnetically induced heating of nanostructures is of interest. The proposed multiphysics problem cannot be directly solved with the classical refinement method of Comsol Multiphysics and a 3D adaptive remeshing process based on an a posteriori error estimator is used. In this paper the efficiency of three remeshing strategies for solving the multiphysics problem is compared. The first strategy uses independent remeshing for each physical quantity to reach a given accuracy. The second strategy only controls the accuracy on temperature. The third strategy uses a linear combination of the two normalized targets (the electric field intensity and the temperature). The analysis of the performance of each strategy is based on the convergence of the remeshing process in terms of number of elements. The efficiency of each strategy is also characterized by the number of computation iterations, the number of elements, the CPU time, and the RAM required to achieve a given target accuracy.
Fadhil Mezghani, Dominique Barchiesi, Abel Cherouat, Thomas Grosges, and Houman Borouchaki
Copyright © 2015 Fadhil Mezghani et al. All rights reserved.

Exact Solutions for Some Fractional Differential Equations
Wed, 20 May 2015 11:31:02 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/567842/
The extended Jacobi elliptic function expansion method is used for solving fractional differential equations
in the sense of Jumarie’s modified RiemannLiouville derivative. By means of this approach, a few fractional differential
equations are successfully solved. As a result, some new Jacobi elliptic function solutions including solitary wave solutions
and trigonometric function solutions are established. The proposed method can also be applied to other fractional differential
equations.
Abdullah Sonmezoglu
Copyright © 2015 Abdullah Sonmezoglu. All rights reserved.

Analytical Models for Gravitating Radiating Systems
Mon, 11 May 2015 12:39:46 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/274251/
We analyse the gravitational behaviour of a relativistic heat conducting fluid in a shearfree spherically symmetric spacetime. We show that the isotropy of pressure is a consistency condition which realises a second order nonlinear ordinary differential equation with variable coefficients in the gravitational potentials. Several new classes of solutions are found to the governing equation by imposing various forms on one of the potentials. Interestingly, a complex transformation leads to an exact solution with only real metric functions. All solutions are written in terms of elementary functions. We demonstrate graphically that the fluid pressure, energy density, and heat flux are well behaved for the model, and the model is consistent with a coreenvelope framework.
B. P. Brassel, S. D. Maharaj, and G. Govender
Copyright © 2015 B. P. Brassel et al. All rights reserved.

Integrodifferential Equations of the Vector Problem of Electromagnetic Wave Diffraction by a System of Nonintersecting Screens and Inhomogeneous Bodies
Wed, 06 May 2015 07:11:42 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/945965/
The vector problem of electromagnetic wave diffraction by a system of bodies and infinitely thin screens is considered in a quasiclassical formulation. The solution is sought in the classical sense but is defined not in the entire space but rather everywhere except for the screen edges. The original boundary value problem for Maxwell’s equations system is reduced to a system of integrodifferential equations in the regions occupied by the bodies and on the screen surfaces. The integrodifferential operator is treated as a pseudodifferential operator in Sobolev spaces and is shown to be zeroindex Fredholm operator.
Y. G. Smirnov and A. A. Tsupak
Copyright © 2015 Y. G. Smirnov and A. A. Tsupak. All rights reserved.

Study on Impeller Fracture Model Based on Vibration Characteristics and Fractal Theory
Tue, 05 May 2015 12:27:44 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/684534/
During the operation of centrifugal compressor, failure easily occurs in the presence of complicated external forces. The failure process characterizes with strong nonlinearity, and hence it is difficult to be described by conventional methods. In this paper, firstly, the cracks in different positions are described using crack fractal theory. The basic failure modes of the impeller are summarized. Secondly, a threedimensional finite element model of the impeller is constructed. Then the von Mises stress under the centrifugal force is calculated, and the corresponding impeller failure process is simulated by “element life and death technology” in ANSYS. Finally, the impeller failure mechanism is analyzed. It can be found that the static stress is not the main cause of the impeller failure, and the dynamic characteristics of the impeller are not perfect because of the pitch vibration modes which appeared in the investigated frequency range. Meanwhile, the natural frequency of the impeller also cannot avoid the frequency of the excitation force.
Xiaolong Zhang, Ruishan Yuan, and Yonghui Xie
Copyright © 2015 Xiaolong Zhang et al. All rights reserved.

Existence of Center for Planar Differential Systems with Impulsive Perturbations
Tue, 05 May 2015 07:35:26 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/479480/
We present a method that uses successor functions in ordinary differential systems to address the “centerfocus” problem of a class of planar systems that have an impulsive perturbation. By deriving solution formulae for impulsive systems, several interesting criteria for distinguishing between the center and the focus of linear and nonlinear planar systems with statedependent impulsions are established. The conditions describing the stability of the focus of the considered models are also given. The computing methods presented here are more convenient for determining the center of impulsive systems than those in the literature. Numerical examples are given to show the effectiveness of the theoretical results.
Dengguo Xu
Copyright © 2015 Dengguo Xu. All rights reserved.

()Dimensional mKdV Hierarchy and Chirp Effect of Rossby Solitary Waves
Tue, 28 Apr 2015 07:36:32 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/126508/
By constructing a kind of generalized Lie algebra, based on generalized Tu scheme, a new ()dimensional mKdV hierarchy is derived which popularizes the results of ()dimensional integrable system. Furthermore, the ()dimensional mKdV equation can be applied to describe the propagation of the Rossby solitary waves in the plane of ocean and atmosphere, which is different from the ()dimensional mKdV equation. By virtue of Riccati equation, some solutions of ()dimensional mKdV equation are obtained. With the help of solitary wave solutions, similar to the fiber soliton communication, the chirp effect of Rossby solitary waves is discussed and some conclusions are given.
Chunlei Wang, Yong Zhang, Baoshu Yin, and Xiaoen Zhang
Copyright © 2015 Chunlei Wang et al. All rights reserved.

Corrigendum to “Convergence Analysis of Legendre Pseudospectral Scheme for Solving Nonlinear Systems of Volterra Integral Equations”
Mon, 27 Apr 2015 09:33:35 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/850928/
Emran Tohidi, O. R. Navid Samadi, and S. Shateyi
Copyright © 2015 Emran Tohidi et al. All rights reserved.

Mannheim Curves in Nonflat 3Dimensional Space Forms
Mon, 20 Apr 2015 11:46:03 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/319046/
We consider the Mannheim curves in nonflat 3dimensional space forms (Riemannian or Lorentzian) and we give the concept of Mannheim curves. In addition, we investigate the properties of nonnull Mannheim curves and their partner curves. We come to the conclusion that a necessary and sufficient condition is that a linear relationship with constant coefficients will exist between the curvature and the torsion of the given original curves. In the case of null curve, we reveal that there are no null Mannheim curves in the 3dimensional de Sitter space.
Wenjing Zhao, Donghe Pei, and Xinyu Cao
Copyright © 2015 Wenjing Zhao et al. All rights reserved.

Jordan Isomorphisms on Nest Subalgebras
Sun, 19 Apr 2015 07:59:35 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/864792/
This paper is devoted to the study of Jordan isomorphisms on nest subalgebras of factor von Neumann algebras. It is shown that every Jordan isomorphism between the two nest subalgebras and is either an isomorphism or an antiisomorphism.
Aili Yang
Copyright © 2015 Aili Yang. All rights reserved.

The Nonlinear Hydroelastic Response of a SemiInfinite Elastic Plate Floating on a Fluid due to Incident Progressive Waves
Wed, 15 Apr 2015 12:51:48 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/308318/
The nonlinear hydroelastic response of very large floating structures (VLFSs) or an ice sheet floating on the surface of deep water, idealized as a semiinfinite thin elastic plate, is investigated analytically in the case of nonlinear incident waves. Assuming that the fluid is inviscid and incompressible and the motion is irrotational, we consider incident progressive waves with a given angular frequency within the framework of potential flow theory. With the aid of the homotopy analysis method (HAM), the convergent analytical series solutions are derived by solving the simultaneous equations in which we apply a convergencecontrol parameter to obtain convergent solutions with relatively few terms. The clear calculation results are represented to show nonlinear waveplate interaction. The effects of different physical parameters, including incident wave amplitude, Young’s modulus, the thickness and density of the plate on the wave scattering, and the hydroelastic response of the floating plate, are considered. We find that the variations of the plate stiffness, thickness, and density greatly change amount of wave energy which is reflected into the open water region and is transmitted into the platecovered region. Further, the hydroelastic response of the plate also can be affected by the amplitude of incident wave.
Ping Wang
Copyright © 2015 Ping Wang. All rights reserved.

A Meshless Method Based on the Fundamental Solution and Radial Basis Function for Solving an Inverse Heat Conduction Problem
Tue, 14 Apr 2015 15:36:15 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/256726/
We propose a new meshless method to solve a backward inverse heat conduction problem. The numerical scheme, based on the fundamental solution of the heat equation and radial basis functions (RBFs), is used to obtain a numerical solution. Since the coefficients matrix is illconditioned, the Tikhonov regularization (TR) method is employed to solve the resulted system of linear equations. Also, the generalized crossvalidation (GCV) criterion is applied to choose a regularization parameter. A test problem demonstrates the stability, accuracy, and efficiency of the proposed method.
Muhammad Arghand and Majid Amirfakhrian
Copyright © 2015 Muhammad Arghand and Majid Amirfakhrian. All rights reserved.

Generalized Wavelet Fisher’s Information of Signals
Wed, 08 Apr 2015 13:52:55 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/210592/
This paper defines the generalized wavelet Fisher information of parameter . This information measure is obtained by generalizing the timedomain definition of Fisher’s information of Furuichi to the wavelet domain and allows to quantify smoothness and correlation, among other signals characteristics. Closedform expressions of generalized wavelet Fisher information for signals are determined and a detailed discussion of their properties, characteristics and their relationship with wavelet Fisher information are given. Information planes of signals Fisher information are obtained and, based on these, potential applications are highlighted. Finally, generalized wavelet Fisher information is applied to the problem of detecting and locating weak structural breaks in stationary signals, particularly for fractional Gaussian noise series. It is shown that by using a joint Fisher/FStatistic procedure, significant improvements in time and accuracy are achieved in comparison with the sole application of the Fstatistic.
Julio RamírezPacheco, Homero ToralCruz, Luis RizoDomínguez, and Joaquin CortezGonzalez
Copyright © 2015 Julio RamírezPacheco et al. All rights reserved.

Generalized Taylor Series Method for Solving Nonlinear Fractional Differential Equations with Modified RiemannLiouville Derivative
Wed, 08 Apr 2015 13:27:04 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/507970/
We propose an efficient analytic method for solving nonlinear differential equations of fractional order. The fractional derivative is defined in the sense of modified RiemannLiouville derivative. A new technique for calculating the generalized Taylor series coefficients (also known as “generalized differential transforms,” GDTs) of nonlinear functions and a new approach of the generalized Taylor series method (GTSM) are presented. This new method offers a simple algorithm for computing GDTs of nonlinear functions and avoids massive computational work that usually arises in the standard method. Several illustrative examples are demonstrated to show effectiveness of the proposed method.
Süleyman Öğrekçi
Copyright © 2015 Süleyman Öğrekçi. All rights reserved.

Influence of Hierarchic Structure on the Moisture Permeability of Biomimic Woven Fabric Using Fractal Derivative Method
Wed, 08 Apr 2015 12:00:16 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/817437/
The relationship between the unique internal structure of biomimic woven fabric and its moisture management property is investigated using fractal derivative method. The biomimic fabric exhibits a fractal hierarchic inner structure, and its fractal hierarchy can be further extended by fleece finishing treatment on both surfaces of the fabric. Fractal derivative analysis indicates that the fuzzy biomimic fabric with a higher hierarchic construction after fleece finishing performs better in moisture permeability, and the result was proved by experimental tests.
Jie Fan, Na Zhu, Lili Wang, Zhi Liu, ChangYuan Wang, and Yong Liu
Copyright © 2015 Jie Fan et al. All rights reserved.

The Global Symmetry Group of Quantum Spectral Beams and Geometric Phase Factors
Tue, 07 Apr 2015 10:15:56 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/124393/
We propose a cohomological modelling schema of quantum state spaces and their connectivity structures in relation to the formulation of global geometric phase phenomena. In the course of this schema, we introduce the notion of Hermitian differential line sheaves or unitary rays and classify their gauge equivalence classes in terms of a global differential invariant given by the de Rham cohomology class of the curvature. Furthermore, we formulate and interpret physically the curvature recognition integrality theorem for unitary rays. Using this recognition theorem, we define the notion of a quantum spectral beam and show that it has an affine space structure with structure group given by the characters of the fundamental group.
Elias Zafiris
Copyright © 2015 Elias Zafiris. All rights reserved.

Unsteady Flows of a Generalized Fractional Burgers’ Fluid between Two Side Walls Perpendicular to a Plate
Sun, 05 Apr 2015 14:21:22 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/521069/
The unsteady flows of a generalized fractional Burgers’ fluid between two side walls perpendicular to a plate are studied for the case of RayleighStokes’ first and second problems. Exact solutions of the velocity fields are derived in terms of the generalized MittagLeffler function by using the double Fourier transform and discrete Laplace transform of sequential fractional derivatives. The solution for RayleighStokes’ first problem is represented as the sum of the Newtonian solutions and the nonNewtonian contributions, based on which the solution for RayleighStokes’ second problem is constructed by the Duhamel’s principle. The solutions for generalized secondgrade fluid, generalized Maxwell fluid, and generalized OldroydB fluid performing the same motions appear as limiting cases of the present solutions. Furthermore, the influences of fractional parameters and material parameters on the unsteady flows are discussed by graphical illustrations.
Jianhong Kang, Yingke Liu, and Tongqiang Xia
Copyright © 2015 Jianhong Kang et al. All rights reserved.

Existence of Electrically Charged Structures with Regular Center in Nonlinear Electrodynamics Minimally Coupled to Gravity
Thu, 26 Mar 2015 13:13:53 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/496475/
We address the question of correct description of Lagrange
dynamics for regular electrically charged structures in nonlinear
electrodynamics coupled to gravity. Regular spherically symmetric
configuration satisfying the weak energy condition has obligatory
de Sitter center in which the electric field vanishes while the
energy density of electromagnetic vacuum achieves its maximal
value. The Maxwell weak field limit as requires vanishing electric field at infinity.
A field invariant evolves between two minus zero in
the center and at infinity which makes a Lagrangian with nonequal asymptotic limits inevitably branching. We
formulate the appropriate nonuniform variational problem
including the proper boundary conditions and present the example
of the spherically symmetric Lagrangian describing electrically
charged structure with the regular center.
Irina Dymnikova, Evgeny Galaktionov, and Eduard Tropp
Copyright © 2015 Irina Dymnikova et al. All rights reserved.

Approximate Analytical Solutions of the FractionalOrder Brusselator System Using the Polynomial Least Squares Method
Tue, 24 Mar 2015 11:37:48 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/450235/
The paper presents a new method, called the Polynomial Least Squares Method (PLSM).
PLSM allows us to compute approximate analytical solutions for the Brusselator system,
which is a fractionalorder system of nonlinear differential equations.
Constantin Bota and Bogdan Căruntu
Copyright © 2015 Constantin Bota and Bogdan Căruntu. All rights reserved.

Power Load Prediction Based on Fractal Theory
Thu, 19 Mar 2015 13:17:10 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/827238/
The basic theories of load forecasting on the power system are summarized. Fractal theory, which is a new algorithm applied to load forecasting, is introduced. Based on the fractal dimension and fractal interpolation function theories, the correlation algorithms are applied to the model of shortterm load forecasting. According to the process of load forecasting, the steps of every process are designed, including load data preprocessing, similar day selecting, shortterm load forecasting, and load curve drawing. The attractor is obtained using an improved deterministic algorithm based on the fractal interpolation function, a day’s load is predicted by three days’ historical loads, the maximum relative error is within 3.7%, and the average relative error is within 1.6%. The experimental result shows the accuracy of this prediction method, which has a certain application reference value in the field of shortterm load prediction.
Liang JianKai, Carlo Cattani, and Song WanQing
Copyright © 2015 Liang JianKai et al. All rights reserved.

Hybrid Fundamental Solution Based Finite Element Method: Theory and Applications
Tue, 17 Mar 2015 09:05:33 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/916029/
An overview on the development of hybrid fundamental solution based finite element method (HFSFEM) and its application in engineering problems is presented in this paper. The framework and formulations of HFSFEM for potential problem, plane elasticity, threedimensional elasticity, thermoelasticity, anisotropic elasticity, and plane piezoelectricity are presented. In this method, two independent assumed fields (intraelement filed and auxiliary frame field) are employed. The formulations for all cases are derived from the modified variational functionals and the fundamental solutions to a given problem. Generation of elemental stiffness equations from the modified variational principle is also described. Typical numerical examples are given to demonstrate the validity and performance of the HFSFEM. Finally, a brief summary of the approach is provided and future trends in this field are identified.
Changyong Cao and QingHua Qin
Copyright © 2015 Changyong Cao and QingHua Qin. All rights reserved.

On the Rate of Convergence by Generalized Baskakov Operators
Mon, 16 Mar 2015 16:34:15 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/564854/
We firstly construct generalized Baskakov operators and their truncated sum . Secondly, we study the pointwise convergence and the uniform convergence of the operators , respectively, and estimate that the rate of convergence by the operators is . Finally, we study the convergence by the truncated operators and state that the finite truncated sum can replace the operators in the computational point of view provided that .
Yi Gao, Wenshuai Wang, and Shigang Yue
Copyright © 2015 Yi Gao et al. All rights reserved.

Incompressible Limit for the Compressible Flows of Nematic Liquid Crystals in the Whole Space
Mon, 16 Mar 2015 06:42:38 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/427865/
We consider the compressible flows of liquid crystals arising in a variety of scientific examples. We here study the incompressible limit of weak solutions of the compressible flows of nematic liquid crystals in the whole space .
YoungSam Kwon
Copyright © 2015 YoungSam Kwon. All rights reserved.

Deformed Entropic and Information Inequalities for States of TwoQubit and Single Qudit States
Sun, 15 Mar 2015 13:28:40 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/717621/
The deformed entropies of quantum and classical systems are discussed. Standard and deformed entropic inequalities for states of the twoqubit system and the state of single qudit with are presented.
V. I. Man’ko and L. A. Markovich
Copyright © 2015 V. I. Man’ko and L. A. Markovich. All rights reserved.

Eigenvalues for a Neumann Boundary Problem Involving the Laplacian
Wed, 11 Mar 2015 13:47:16 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/632745/
We study the existence of weak solutions to the following Neumann problem involving the Laplacian operator: , , , . Under some appropriate conditions on the functions , , , and , we prove that there exists such that any is an eigenvalue of the above problem. Our analysis mainly relies on variational arguments based on Ekeland’s variational principle.
Qing Miao
Copyright © 2015 Qing Miao. All rights reserved.

Orthogonal Projections Based on Hyperbolic and Spherical Simplex
Thu, 05 Mar 2015 06:31:00 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/808250/
Orthogonal projection along a geodesic to the chosen kplane is introduced using edge and Gram matrix of an nsimplex in hyperbolic or spherical nspace. The distance from a point to kplane is obtained by the orthogonal projection. It is also given the perpendicular foot from a point to kplane of hyperbolic and spherical nspace.
Murat Savas, Baki Karliga, and Atakan T. Yakut
Copyright © 2015 Murat Savas et al. All rights reserved.

Investigating the Nanoparticles Penetration Efficiency through Horizontal Tubes Using an Experimental Approach
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 09:54:03 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/897120/
It is a complex transfer process of nanoparticles in a tube. In this paper, in order to quantify the penetration efficiency of nanoparticles in different flows condition through horizontal tubes, the experiments have been carried out with particles diameter between 6 nm and 560 nm in various lengths of sampling tube. The results were in good agreement with the theory of Gormley and Kennedy and the experiment results of Kumar et al. for particles size smaller than 100 nm. Particles penetration rate increases with increasing of the Schmidt number (Sc), and it decreases with increasing Reynolds and tube length. Particles deposition on the wall induces the changes of the mass and average diameter of particles continuously. Therefore, a nondimensional parameter (ς) defined dependency on Reynolds number and particle residence time in tube has been used to express total mass penetration efficiency and mean size growth rate through a straight tube.
Zhaoqin Yin and Zhongping Dai
Copyright © 2015 Zhaoqin Yin and Zhongping Dai. All rights reserved.

Anisotropic Characteristics of Turbulence Dissipation in Swirling Flow: A Direct Numerical Simulation Study
Mon, 02 Mar 2015 09:53:51 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/657620/
This study investigates the anisotropic characteristics of turbulent energy dissipation rate in a rotating jet flow via direct numerical simulation. The turbulent energy dissipation tensor, including its eigenvalues in the swirling flows with different rotating velocities, is analyzed to investigate the anisotropic characteristics of turbulence and dissipation. In addition, the probability density function of the eigenvalues of turbulence dissipation tensor is presented. The isotropic subrange of PDF always exists in swirling flows relevant to smallscale vortex structure. Thus, with remarkable largescale vortex breakdown, the isotropic subrange of PDF is reduced in strongly swirling flows, and anisotropic energy dissipation is proven to exist in the core region of the vortex breakdown. More specifically, strong anisotropic turbulence dissipation occurs concentratively in the vortex breakdown region, whereas nearly isotropic turbulence dissipation occurs dispersively in the peripheral region of the strong swirling flows.
Xingtuan Yang, Nan Gui, Gongnan Xie, Jie Yan, Jiyuan Tu, and Shengyao Jiang
Copyright © 2015 Xingtuan Yang et al. All rights reserved.

On the Deformation Retract of EguchiHanson Space and Its Folding
Sun, 22 Feb 2015 12:04:38 +0000
http://www.hindawi.com/journals/amp/2015/301928/
We introduce the deformation retract of the EguchiHanson space using Lagrangian equations. The retraction of this space into itself and into geodesics has been presented. The deformation retract of the EguchiHanson space into itself and after the isometric folding has been discussed. Theorems concerning these relations have been deduced.
H. Rafat and Nasr Ahmed
Copyright © 2015 H. Rafat and Nasr Ahmed. All rights reserved.