Table 3: Finite element modeling of CNT and polymer interaction.

Researcher(s)YearInterface or interphaseType of interactionThickness and Element

Haque and Ramasetty [21]2005InterfacePerfectN/AN/AN/A
Wan et al. [27]2005InterphasePerfect1.357 nm10 ×  and 0.3 ×  N/A
Li and Chou [23]2006InterphasevdW0.17 nmDerived from LJ potentialTruss rod
Pourakbar et al. [24]2008InterphaseFunctionalized1.522 nmFrom MDBeam
Giannopoulos et al. [25]2009InterphasevdW0.17 nmParametricJoint element
Montazeri and Naghdabadi [26]2009InterphasevdW0.34 nmDerived from LJ potentialSpring
Kulkarni et al. [22]2010InterfacePerfect0Different valueInterface element
Needleman et al. [28]2010Interphase and interfacePerfectVariableLinearly between and N/A
Shokrieh and Rafiee [29]2010InterphasevdW0.17 nmDerived from LJ potentialNonlinear spring
Ayatollahi et al. [30]2011InterphasePerfect0.15 nm1, 5, 10 and 15 GPaSolid
Wernik and Meguid [31]2011InterphasevdW0.38 nmDerived from LJ potentialTruss rod