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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 457186, 6 pages
Research Article

The Effect of Operational Cutting Parameters on Nitinol-60 in Wire Electrodischarge Machining

1Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Majlesi Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan 86316-56451, Iran

Received 12 January 2013; Accepted 31 January 2013

Academic Editor: S. Miyazaki

Copyright © 2013 Ali Akbar LotfiNeyestanak and Saeed Daneshmand. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Shape memory alloys are a kind of active materials, which have significant characteristics in comparison with other alloys. Since these materials are applicable in different fields such as aerospace, automobile industry, medicine, and dentistry, the effects of wire electrodischarge machining on the properties of these alloys have been studied. In this paper, changes in the shape recovery ability and microhardness of the machined surface of Nitonol-60 shape memory alloy have been studied considering recasting and formation of resolidificated layer on the shape memory alloy surface. XRD and EDXA analyses of the surface layer of the sample besides a microscopic study of the shape memory alloy layer by SEM and a study of the changes in mechanical properties of the surface layer were done by performing microhardness and tension tests on the work piece surface. Considering the surface layer, reversible strain has been studied according to the shape recovery percentage of Nitinol-60 shape memory alloy. Results show that the surface layer formed on the surface of the samples has caused changes in both physical and mechanical properties of the cut surface because of the penetration of the separated materials in comparison with deeper layers of the piece.