Table 2: Fabrication of LC coated with TOP for all test specimens.

NoSamplesLC surface coating treatmentTOP Thickness (mm)

1AUncoated surface0
2BSurface coated with neat biopolymer0.30
3CSurface coated with TOP (1.0% TiO2 wt/wt of
biomonomer)
0.30
4DSurface coated with TOP (1.5% TiO2 wt/wt of
biomonomer)
0.30
5ESurface coated with TOP (2.0% TiO2 wt/wt of
biomonomer)
0.30
6FSurface coated with TOP (2.5% TiO2 wt/wt of
biomonomer)
0.30