Table 2: The first pass retention rates of pulp stock with NS substituting Sc and gp.

Nanoparticle concentrationc-PAMa
FPR (%)
A1A2A3

Sc
 2000 ppm74.9081.2382.71
 3000 ppm77.0481.9981.37
 4000 ppm77.3982.3681.86
NS
 3000 ppm73.3075.3075.73
 4500 ppm73.5376.7376.00
 6000 ppm73.9876.7075.62

Nanoparticle concentrationc-PAMb
FPR (%)
B1B2B3

gp
 100 ppm73.5680.8979.35
 200 ppm76.2881.9878.20
 300 ppm80.8481.7978.19
NS
 400 ppm77.7076.9180.71
 800 ppm77.4079.0180.88
 1200 ppm76.9380.6776.22