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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 563962, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/563962
Research Article

Terahertz Wave Approach and Application on FRP Composites

1Department of Automotive Engineer, Woosuk University, Chonbuk 565-701, Republic of Korea
2Center for Nondestructive Evaluation, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
3Department of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, Songwon University, Gwangju 502-210, Republic of Korea
4Department of Mechanical Design Engineering, Chosun University, Gwangju 501-759, Republic of Korea

Received 27 October 2012; Accepted 12 January 2013

Academic Editor: Abbas Milani

Copyright © 2013 Kwang-Hee Im et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Terahertz (THz) applications have emerged as one of the most new powerful nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques. A new T-ray time-domain spectroscopy system was utilized for detecting and evaluating orientation influence in carbon fiber-reinforced plastics (CFRPs) composite laminates. Investigation of terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) was made, and reflection and transmission configurations were studied as a nondestructive evaluation technique. Here, the CFRP composites derived their excellent mechanical strength, stiffness, and electrical conductivity from carbon fibers. Especially, the electrical conductivity of the CFRP composites depends on the direction of unidirectional fibers since carbon fibers are electrically conducting while the epoxy matrix is not. In order to solve various material properties, the index of refraction (n) and the absorption coefficient (α) are derived in reflective and transmission configurations using the terahertz time-domain spectroscopy. Also, for a 48-ply thermoplastic polyphenylene-sulfide-(PPS-) based CFRP solid laminate and nonconducting materials, the terahertz scanning images were made at the angles ranged from to with respect to the nominal fiber axis. So, the images were mapped out based on the electrical field (E-field) direction in the CFRP solid laminates. It is found that the conductivity (σ) depends on the angles of the nominal axis in the unidirectional fiber.