Table 1: Results of longitudinal Young’s moduli of constituent materials tested [18].

Specimen descriptionTest 1
(GPa)
Test 2
(GPa)
Test 3
(GPa)
Average value (GPa)

Aluminium blank67.50165.52166.41866.48
Copper wire106.379105.199107.624106.40
Mild steel wire195.966191.416192.908193.43