Table 1: Characteristics of the literature panels.

Ref. (mm) (mm) (mm) (MPa) (MPa) (kN)

Unstrengthened panels
[29]1250182050011186.0343
[30]120024005007264.5311
[29]1250185050012903.69358
[31]98098029048803.4242
[32]10002000250 19106.2150
[29]1250183050011256.0355

FRP-strengthened panel
[27]148015705307001.1300