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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 790321, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/790321
Research Article

Improvement of Dispersion and Color Effect of Organic Pigments in Polymeric Films via Microencapsulation by the Miniemulsion Technique

1Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology of China Educational Ministry, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China
2College of Materials, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou 310036, China

Received 1 December 2012; Revised 10 May 2013; Accepted 13 May 2013

Academic Editor: Abbas Milani

Copyright © 2013 Dongming Qi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Three primary pigment/poly(n-butyl acrylate-co-styrene) (P(BA+St)) nanocomposites were prepared via encapsulation of the corresponding organic pigments via the miniemulsion technique. The resulting latexes of the P(BA+St)/pigment nanocomposites were filmed in a PTFE mould or printed onto cotton fabric. The morphology of the P(BA+St)/pigment nanocomposites and the dispersion of pigment particles in the latex film and on the printed fabric surface, as well as the adhesion between pigment and adhesive film, were evaluated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), 3D digital microscope system (3D-POM), and printing results tests. Attributing to the preprotection of adhesive polymer shell, the self-adhesive P(BA+St)/pigment nanocomposites were homogeneously and firmly dispersed both in the thin latex film and in the adhesive layer on the fiber surface. As a result, the color strength, color fastness, and handle of the fabrics printed by the P(BA+St)/pigment nanocomposites latex were significantly improved, compared to the fabrics printed by the conventional pigment blended latex.