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Advances in Materials Science and Engineering
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 932636, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/932636
Research Article

Nanofibre Electrospinning Poly(vinyl alcohol) and Cellulose Composite Mats Obtained by Use of a Cylindrical Electrode

1Institute of Textile Materials Technologies and Design, Riga Technical University, Riga 1048, Latvia
2Laboratory of Biomass Eco-Efficient Conversation, Latvian State Institute of Wood Chemistry, Riga 1006, Latvia
3Department of Textile Technology, Kaunas University of Technology, 51424 Kaunas, Lithuania

Received 30 May 2013; Revised 6 August 2013; Accepted 14 August 2013

Academic Editor: Yu Dong

Copyright © 2013 Anna Sutka et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

A study of nanofibre composites obtained by electrospinning from poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) solutions of steam exploded hemp fibres and shives is reported. A combined treatment of steam explosion (SE), ball milling, and high-intensity ultrasound (HIUS) is applied to prepare cellulose nanofibres (CNF) from hemp fibres (CNF-F) and shives (CNF-S). The reflectance Fourier transform infrared (FTIR ATR) spectroscopy is used to analyze the obtained PVA/CNF composite mats. Morphology of the PVA/CNF composites was studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM).