About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Advances in OptoElectronics
Volume 2008 (2008), Article ID 428971, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2008/428971
Research Article

Noise Analysis of Second-Harmonic Generation in Undoped and MgO-Doped Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate

1Department of Engineering Physics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 4L8
2Department of Chemistry, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada L8S 4L8

Received 29 February 2008; Accepted 21 July 2008

Academic Editor: Yalin Lu

Copyright © 2008 Yong Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics, John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY, USA, 1984.
  2. T. Suhara and M. Fujimura, Waveguide Nonlinear-Optic Devices, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2003.
  3. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 2631–2654, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. C.-Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, “1.5-μm band efficient broadband wavelength conversion by difference frequency generation in a periodically domain-inverted LiNbO3 channel waveguide,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 63, no. 26, pp. 3559–3561, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. C.-Q. Xu, B. Zhou, Y. L. Lam, S. Arahira, Y. Ogawa, and H. Ito, “All-optical demultiplexing using LiNbO3 quasiphase-matched wavelength converters,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. L881–L883, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. Y. Nishida, H. Miyazawa, M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, and H. Suzuki, “0-dB wavelength conversion using direct-bonded QPM-Zn: LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 1049–1051, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. D. Eger, M. A. Arbore, M. M. Fejer, and M. L. Bortz, “High intensity illumination effects in LiNbO3 and KTiOPO4 waveguides,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 82, no. 3, pp. 998–1005, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. A. M. Glass, “The photorefractive effect,” Optical Engineering, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 470–479, 1978.
  9. T. Fujiwara, X. Cao, R. Srivastava, and R. V. Ramaswamy, “Photorefractive effect in annealed proton-exchanged LiNbO3 waveguides,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 61, no. 7, pp. 743–745, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. C.-Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and Y. Ogawa, “Photorefractive damage of LiNbO3 quasiphase matched wavelength converters,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 87, no. 7, pp. 3203–3208, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. M. Asobe, O. Tadanaga, T. Yanagawa, H. Itoh, and H. Suzuki, “Reducing photorefractive effect in periodically poled ZnO- and MgO-doped LiNbO3 wavelength converters,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 78, no. 21, pp. 3163–3165, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. B. Chen, J. Fonseca-Campos, W. Liang, Y. Wang, and C.-Q. Xu, “Wavelength and temperature dependence of photorefractive effect in quasi-phase-matched LiNbO3 waveguides,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 89, no. 4, Article ID 043510, 3 pages, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. B. Chen, C.-Q. Xu, B. Zhou, Y. Nihei, A. Harada, and Y. Wang, “Temperature characteristics of 1.5-μm-band MgO doped LiNbO3 quasi-phase matched wavelength converters,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 40, no. 6B, part 2, pp. L612–L614, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. Y. Wang, J. Fonseca-Campos, and C.-Q. Xu, “Picosecond-pulse wavelength conversion based on cascaded second-harmonic generation-difference frequency generation in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Applied Optics, vol. 45, no. 21, pp. 5391–5403, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. J. Fonseca-Campos, Y. Wang, B. Chen, et al., “40-GHz picosecond-pulse second-harmonic generation in an MgO-doped PPLN waveguide,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 3698–3708, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. Y. Wang and C.-Q. Xu, “Analysis of ultrafast all-optical OTDM demultiplexing based on cascaded wavelength conversion in PPLN waveguides,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 19, no. 7, pp. 495–497, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. C.-Q. Xu, “Plasma/electrostatic ferroelectric material processing,” in Proceedings of the 4th Asia-Pacific International Symposium on the Basic and Application of Plasma Technologies (APSPT-4), pp. 49–53, Yunlin, Taiwan, December 2005.
  18. D.-W. Chen and T. S. Rose, “Low noise 10-W cw OPO generation near 3 μm in MgO doped PPLN,” in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO '05), vol. 3, pp. 1829–1831, Baltimore, Md, USA, May 2005.
  19. H. K. Nguyen, C. Zah, M. H. Hu, et al., “107-mW low-noise green light emission by frequency doubling of reliable 1060-nm DFB semiconductor laser diodes,” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Quantum Electronics and the Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IQEC/CLEO-PR '05), Tokyo, Japan, July 2005.