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Advances in Orthopedics
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 528423, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/528423
Review Article

Surgical Treatment of Articular Cartilage Defects in the Knee: Are We Winning?

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Waterford Regional Hospital, Waterford, Ireland

Received 9 January 2012; Accepted 6 March 2012

Academic Editor: Yukiyoshi Toritsuka

Copyright © 2012 A. R. Memon and J. F. Quinlan. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Articular cartilage (AC) injury is a common disorder. Numerous techniques have been employed to repair or regenerate the cartilage defects with varying degrees of success. Three commonly performed techniques include bone marrow stimulation, cartilage repair, and cartilage regeneration. This paper focuses on current level of evidence paying particular attention to cartilage regeneration techniques.