About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Advances in Optical Technologies
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 471957, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/471957
Review Article

Detecting Phase Shifts in Surface Plasmon Resonance: A Review

1Department of Electronic Engineering, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong
2Programme of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong

Received 8 May 2011; Accepted 11 June 2011

Academic Editor: Ken-Tye Yong

Copyright © 2012 Y. H. Huang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. R. W. Wood, “XLII. On a remarkable case of uneven distribution of light in a diffraction grating spectrum,” Philosophical Magazine Series 6, vol. 4, no. 21, p. 396, 1902. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. J. Zenneck, “Über die Fortpflanzung ebener elektromagnetischer Wellen längs einer ebenen Leiterfläche und ihre Beziehung zur drahtlosen telegraphie,” Annalen der Physik, vol. 328, no. 10, pp. 846–866, 1907. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. A. Otto, “Excitation of nonradiative surface plasma waves in silver by the method of frustrated total reflection,” Zeitschrift für Physik, vol. 216, no. 4, pp. 398–410, 1968. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. E. Kretschmann and H. Z. Raether, “Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light,” Verlag der Zeitschrift für Naturforschung, vol. 23, pp. 2135–2136, 1968.
  5. F. Abeles, “Surface electromagnetic waves ellipsometry,” Surface Science, vol. 56, pp. 237–251, 1976. View at Scopus
  6. A. V. Kabashin, S. Patskovsky, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Phase and amplitude sensitivities in surface plasmon resonance bio and chemical sensing,” Optics Express, vol. 17, no. 23, pp. 21191–21204, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. X. L. Yu, D. X. Wang, X. Wei, D. Xiang, L. Wei, and Z. Xinsheng, “A surface plasmon resonance imaging interferometry for protein micro-array detection,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 108, no. 1-2, pp. 765–771, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Y. D. Su, S. J. Chen, and T. L. Yeh, “Common-path phase-shift interferometry surface plasmon resonance imaging system,” Optics Letters, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1488–1490, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 54, no. 1-2, pp. 3–15, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. Boozer, G. Kim, S. Cong, H. Guan, and T. Londergan, “Looking towards label-free biomolecular interaction analysis in a high-throughput format: a review of new surface plasmon resonance technologies,” Current Opinion in Biotechnology, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 400–405, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. K. S. Phillips and Q. Cheng, “Recent advances in surface plasmon resonance based techniques for bioanalysis,” Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, vol. 387, no. 5, pp. 1831–1840, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Homola, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors for detection of chemical and biological species,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 108, no. 2, pp. 462–493, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. J. Homola, Ed., Surface Plasmon Resonance Based Sensors, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2006.
  14. R. B. M. Schasfoort and A. J. Tudos, Eds., Handbook of Surface Plasmon Resonance, Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK, 2008.
  15. S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase detection,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 35-36, no. 1–3, pp. 187–191, 1996. View at Scopus
  16. S. Shen, T. Liu, and J. Guo, “Optical phase-shift detection of surface plasmon resonance,” Applied Optics, vol. 37, no. 10, pp. 1747–1751, 1998. View at Scopus
  17. Y. Xinglong, Z. Lequn, J. Hong, W. Haojuan, Y. Chunyong, and Z. Shenggeng, “Immunosensor based on optical heterodyne phase detection,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 76, no. 1–3, pp. 199–202, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. M. Wu, Z. C. Jian, S. F. Joe, and L. B. Chang, “High-sensitivity sensor based on surface plasmon resonance and heterodyne interferometry,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 92, no. 1-2, pp. 133–136, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. H. Chiu, S. F. Wang, and R. S. Chang, “D-type fiber biosensor based on surface-plasmon resonance technology and heterodyne interferometry,” Optics Letters, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 233–235, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. F. Wang, M. H. Chiu, and R. S. Chang, “Numerical simulation of a D-type optical fiber sensor based on the Kretchmann's configuration and heterodyne interferometry,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 114, no. 1, pp. 120–126, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. H. Chiu and C. H. Shih, “Searching for optimal sensitivity of single-mode D-type optical fiber sensor in the phase measurement,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 131, no. 2, pp. 596–601, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. S. F. Wang, “U-shaped optical fiber sensor based on multiple total internal reflections in heterodyne interferometry,” Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol. 47, no. 10, pp. 1039–1043, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Y. C. Li, Y. F. Chang, L. C. Su, and C. Chou, “Differential-phase surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Analytical Chemistry, vol. 80, no. 14, pp. 5590–5595, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. W. C. Kuo, C. Chou, and H. T. Wu, “Optical heterodyne surface-plasmon resonance biosensor,” Optics Letters, vol. 28, no. 15, pp. 1329–1331, 2003. View at Scopus
  25. C. Chou, H. T. Wu, Y. C. Huang, Y. L. Chen, and W. C. Kuo, “Characteristics of a paired surface plasma waves biosensor,” Optics Express, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 4307–4315, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. Herminghaus, C. Bechinger, W. Petersen, and P. Leiderer, “Phase contrast surface mode resonance microscopy,” Optics Communications, vol. 112, no. 1-2, pp. 16–20, 1994. View at Scopus
  27. A. A. Kruchinin and Y. G. Vlasov, “Surface plasmon resonance monitoring by means of polarization state measurement in reflected light as the basis of a DNA-probe biosensor,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 77–80, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, M. V. Valeiko, and P. I. Nikitin, “Phase properties of a surface-plasmon resonance from the viewpoint of sensor applications,” Quantum Electronics, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 444–448, 1998. View at Scopus
  29. A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, “Phase-polarisation contrast for surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 1263–1269, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. P. I. Nikitin, A. N. Grigorenko, A. A. Beloglazov et al., “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for micro-array biosensing,” Sensors and Actuators A, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 189–193, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. P. Westphal and A. Bornmann, “Biomolecular detection by surface plasmon enhanced ellipsometry,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 84, no. 2-3, pp. 278–282, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Poksinski and H. Arwin, “In situ monitoring of metal surfaces exposed to milk using total internal reflection ellipsometry,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 94, no. 3, pp. 247–252, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. R. Naraoka and K. Kajikawa, “Phase detection of surface plasmon resonance using rotating analyzer method,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 952–956, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. I. R. Hooper and J. R. Sambles, “Sensing using differential surface plasmon ellipsometry,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 96, no. 5, pp. 3004–3011, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. I. R. Hooper and J. R. Sambles, “Differential ellipsometric surface plasmon resonance sensors with liquid crystal polarization modulators,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 85, no. 15, pp. 3017–3019, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. I. R. Hooper, J. R. Sambles, M. C. Pitter, and M. G. Somekh, “Phase sensitive array detection with polarisation modulated differential sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 119, no. 2, pp. 651–655, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, S. Y. Wu et al., “Phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 114, no. 1, pp. 80–84, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. H. J. Peng, S. P. Wong, Y. W. Lai, X. H. Liu, H. P. Ho, and S. Zhao, “Simplified system based on photoelastic modulation technique for low-level birefringence measurement,” Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 74, no. 11, pp. 4745–4749, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, S. Y. Wu, Y. K. Suen, and S. K. Kong, “Polarization-sensitive surface plasmon enhanced ellipsometry biosensor using the photoelastic modulation technique,” Sensors and Actuators A, vol. 151, no. 1, pp. 23–28, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. C. E. Stewart, I. R. Hooper, and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon differential ellipsometry of aqueous solutions for bio-chemical sensing,” Journal of Physics D, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 105408–105415, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. I. R. Hooper, M. Rooth, and J. R. Sambles, “Dual-channel differential surface plasmon ellipsometry for bio-chemical sensing,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 411–417, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. P. P. Markowicz, W. C. Law, A. Baev, P. N. Prasad, S. Patskovsky, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive time-modulated surface plasmon resonance polarimetry for wide dynamic range biosensing,” Optics Express, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 1745–1754, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. W. C. Law, P. Markowicz, K. T. Yong et al., “Wide dynamic range phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on measuring the modulation harmonics,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 627–632, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. S. Patskovsky, R. Jacquemart, M. Meunier, G. de Crescenzo, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase-sensitive spatially-modulated surface plasmon resonance polarimetry for detection of biomolecular interactions,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 133, no. 2, pp. 628–631, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. S. Patskovsky, M. Maisonneuve, M. Meunier, and A. V. Kabashin, “Mechanical modulation method for ultra-sensitive phase measurements in photonics biosensing,” Optics Express, vol. 16, no. 26, pp. 21305–21314, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. S. Patskovsky, M. Vallieres, M. Maisonneuve, I. H. Song, M. Meunier, and A. V. Kabashin, “Designing efficient zero calibration point for phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensing,” Optics Express, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 2255–2263, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. H. P. Chiang, J. L. Lin, and Z. W. Chen, “High sensitivity surface plasmon resonance sensor based on phase interrogation at optimal incident wavelengths,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 88, no. 14, Article ID 141105, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. H. P. Chiang, J. L. Lin, R. Chang, S. Y. Su, and P. T. Leung, “High-resolution angular measurement using surface-plasmon-resonance via phase interrogation at optimal incident wavelengths,” Optics Letters, vol. 30, no. 20, pp. 2727–2729, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  49. Z. Sun, Y. He, and J. Guo, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on polarization interferometry and angle modulation,” Applied Optics, vol. 45, no. 13, pp. 3071–3076, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. Z. Zheng, Y. Wan, X. Zhao, and J. Zhu, “Spectral interferometric measurement of wavelength-dependent phase response for surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Applied Optics, vol. 48, no. 13, pp. 2491–2495, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. J. Homola and S. S. Yee, “Novel polarization control scheme for spectral surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 51, no. 1–3, pp. 331–339, 1998. View at Scopus
  52. G. Steiner, V. Sablinskas, A. Hübner, C. Kuhne, and R. Salzer, “Surface plasmon resonance imaging of microstructured monolayers,” Journal of Molecular Structure, vol. 509, no. 1–3, pp. 265–273, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  53. M. Piliarik, H. Vaisocherová, and J. Homola, “A new surface plasmon resonance sensor for high-throughput screening applications,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 2104–2110, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. M. Piliarik, H. Vaisocherová, and J. Homola, “Towards parallelized surface plasmon resonance sensor platform for sensitive detection of oligonucleotides,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 187–193, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. X. Yu, X. Ding, F. Liu, and Y. Deng, “A novel surface plasmon resonance imaging interferometry for protein array detection,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 130, no. 1, pp. 52–58, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  56. N. Sedoglavich, R. Künnemeyer, S. R. Talele, and J. C. Sharpe, “Phase-polarisation contrast for surface plasmon resonance based on low cost grating substrates,” Current Applied Physics, vol. 8, no. 3-4, pp. 351–354, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  57. S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, and C. Lin, “Highly sensitive differential phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on the Mach-Zehnder configuration,” Optics Letters, vol. 29, no. 20, pp. 2378–2380, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  58. A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Interferometer based on a surface plasmon resonance for sensor applications,” Quantum Electronics, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 653–654, 1997. View at Scopus
  59. A. V. Kabashin and P. I. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometer for bio- and chemical-sensors,” Optics Communications, vol. 150, no. 1–6, pp. 5–8, 1998. View at Scopus
  60. V. E. Kochergin, M. V. Valeiko, A. A. Beloglazov, T. I. Ksenevich, and P. I. Nikitin, “Visualisation of the angular dependence of the reflected-radiation phase under conditions of a surface-plasmon resonance and its sensor applications,” Quantum Electronics, vol. 28, no. 9, pp. 835–839, 1998. View at Scopus
  61. P. I. Nikitin, A. A. Beloglazov, V. E. Kochergin, M. V. Valeiko, and T. I. Ksenevich, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometry for biological and chemical sensing,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 43–50, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  62. A. N. Grigorenko, P. I. Nikitin, and A. V. Kabashin, “Phase jumps and interferometric surface plasmon resonance imaging,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 75, no. 25, pp. 3917–3919, 1999.
  63. W. Yuan, H. P. Ho, C. L. Wong, S. K. Kong, and C. Lin, “Surface plasmon resonance biosensor incorporated in a michelson interferometer with enhanced sensitivity,” IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 70–73, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  64. A. G. Notcovich, V. Zhuk, and S. G. Lipson, “Surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 76, no. 13, pp. 1665–1667, 2000.
  65. H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on the measurement of differential phase,” Review of Scientific Instruments, vol. 73, no. 10, pp. 3534–3539, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  66. H. P. Ho and W. W. Lam, “Application of differential phase measurement technique to surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 96, no. 3, pp. 554–559, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  67. H. P. Ho, W. Yuan, C. L. Wong et al., “Sensitivity enhancement based on application of multi-pass interferometry in phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Optics Communications, vol. 275, no. 2, pp. 491–496, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  68. C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, T. T. Yu et al., “Two-dimensional biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance phase imaging,” Applied Optics, vol. 46, no. 12, pp. 2325–2332, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  69. C. L. Wong, H. P. Ho, Y. K. Suen et al., “Real-time protein biosensor arrays based on surface plasmon resonance differential phase imaging,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 606–612, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  70. S. P. Ng, C. M. L. Wu, S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, and S. K. Kong, “Differential spectral phase interferometry for wide dynamic range surface plasmon resonance biosensing,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1593–1598, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  71. S. P. Ng, C. M. L. Wu, S. Y. Wu, and H. P. Ho, “White-light spectral interferometry for surface plasmon resonance sensing applications,” Optics Express, vol. 19, no. 5, pp. 4521–4527, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  72. S. J. Chen, Y. D. Su, F. M. Hsiu, C. Y. Tsou, and Y. K. Chen, “Surface plasmon resonance phase-shift interferometry: real-time DNA microarray hybridization analysis,” Journal of Biomedical Optics, vol. 10, no. 3, Article ID 034005, 2005. View at Scopus
  73. A. K. Sheridan, R. D. Harris, P. N. Bartlett, and J. S. Wilkinson, “Phase interrogation of an integrated optical SPR sensor,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 97, no. 1, pp. 114–121, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  74. G. Nemova, A. V. Kabashin, and R. Kashyap, “Surface plasmon-polariton Mach-Zehnder refractive index sensor,” Journal of the Optical Society of America B, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 1673–1677, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus