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Advances in Physical Chemistry
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 450912, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/450912
Review Article

Nanotoxicity: Dimensional and Morphological Concerns

1Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University), New Delhi 110025, India
2Department of Chemical Engineering, University Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
3Department of Chemistry, University Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received 30 September 2010; Revised 14 December 2010; Accepted 3 January 2011

Academic Editor: Vicki H. Grassian

Copyright © 2011 Mohmmad Younus Wani et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Nanotechnology deals with the construction of new materials, devices, and different technological systems with a wide range of potential applications at the atomic and molecular level. Nanomaterials have attracted great attention for numerous applications in chemical, biological, and industrial world because of their fascinating physicochemical properties. Nanomaterials and nanodevices are being produced intentionally, unintentionally, and manufactured or engineered by different methods and released into the environment without any safety test. Nantoxicity has become the subject of concern in nanoscience and nanotechnology because of the increasing toxic effects of nanomaterials on the living organisms. Nanomaterials can move freely as compared to the large-sized particles; therefore, they can be more toxic than bulky materials. This review article delineates the toxic effects of different types of nanomaterials on the living organisms through different sources, like water, air, contact with skin, and the methods of determinations of these toxic effects.