About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Active and Passive Electronic Components
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 439052, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/439052
Research Article

Voltage Mode Universal Biquad Using CCCII

Department of Electronics Engineering, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad 826004, India

Received 25 January 2011; Accepted 16 March 2011

Academic Editor: Ka Nang Leung

Copyright © 2011 Ashish Ranjan and Sajal K. Paul. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper proposes a multi-input single-output (MISO) second-order active-C voltage mode (VM) universal filter using two second-generation current-controlled current conveyors (CCCIIs) and two equal-valued capacitors. The proposed circuit realizes low pass, band pass, high pass, all pass, and notch responses from the same topology. The filter uses-minimum number of passive components and no resistor which is suitable for IC Design. The filter enjoys low-sensitivity performance and exhibits electronic and orthogonal tunability of pole frequency ( 𝜔 0 ) and quality factor ( 𝑄 0 ) via bias current of CCCIIs. PSPICE simulation results confirm the theory.