- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Advances in Preventive Medicine
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 149158, 6 pages
Obesity, Chronic Disease, and Economic Growth: A Case for “Big Picture” Prevention
1Health and Human Sciences, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia
2Centre for Health Promotion and Research, P. O. Box 214, Balgowlah, Sydney, NSW 2094, Australia
Received 29 May 2010; Revised 29 August 2010; Accepted 21 September 2010
Academic Editor: Jim Tartaglia
Copyright © 2011 Garry Egger. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- J. Proietto, “Obesity and disease: insulin resistance, diabetes, metabolic syndrome and polycystic ovary syndrome,” in Clinical Obesity, P. G. Kopelman, I. D. Caterson, and W. H. Dietz, Eds., Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK, 2nd edition, 2005.
- G. Rose, The Strategy of Preventive Medicine, Oxford University Press,, New York, NY, USA, 1992.
- G. S. Hotamisligil, N. S. Shargill, and B. M. Spiegelman, “Adipose expression of tumor necrosis factor-α: direct role in obesity-linked insulin resistance,” Science, vol. 259, no. 5091, pp. 87–91, 1993.
- G. Egger and J. Dixon, “Should obesity be the main game? or do we need an environmental makeover to combat the inflammatory and chronic disease epidemics?” Obesity Reviews, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 237–249, 2009.
- M. -F. O'Connor and M. R. Irwin, “Links between behavioral factors and inflammation,” Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 479–482, 2010.
- G. Egger, “Dousing our inflammatory environment(s): is personal carbon trading an option for reducing obesity—and climate change?” Obesity Reviews, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 456–463, 2008.
- G. Egger and B. Swinburn, Planet Obesity: How We Are Eating Ourselves and the Planet to Death, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, Australia, 2010.
- J. C. Riley, Rising Life Expectancy: A Global History, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA, 2001.
- J. Frenk, J. L. Bobadilla, J. Sepulveda, and M. Lopez Cervantes, “Health transition in middle-income countries: new challenges for health care,” Health Policy and Planning, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 29–39, 1989.
- T. N. Robinson and J. R. Sirard, “Preventing childhood obesity: a solution-oriented research paradigm,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 28, no. 2, supplement 2, pp. 194–201, 2005.
- D. Fleming, Energy and the Common Purpose: Descending the Energy Staircase with Tradable Energy Quotas (TEQs), The Lean Economy Connection, London, UK, 2005, http://www.theleaneconomyconnection.net/.
- G. Bray, “Historical framework for the development of ideas about obesity,” in Handbook of Obesity, G. Bray, C. Bouchard, and W. P. T. James, Eds., Marcel Dekker, New York, NY, USA, 1998.
- R. N. Bergman, S. P. Kim, and S. P. Kim, “Why visceral fat is bad: mechanisms of the metabolic syndrome,” Obesity, vol. 14, supplement, pp. 16S–19S, 2006.
- R. Poupon, “Differentiating between benign and non-benign obesity: Look at the liver,” Gastroenterology Clinical and Biology, vol. 34, no. 4-5, pp. 244–245, 2010.
- G. S. Hotamisligil, “Inflammation and metabolic disorders,” Nature, vol. 444, no. 7121, pp. 860–867, 2006.
- H. Tilg and A. R. Moschen, “Inflammatory mechanisms in the regulation of insulin resistance,” Molecular Medicine, vol. 14, no. 3-4, pp. 222–231, 2008.
- P. Libby, “Inflammatory mechanisms: the molecular basis of inflammation and disease,” Nutrition reviews, vol. 65, no. 12, pp. S140–S146, 2007.
- A. Laporte, “Do economic cycles have a permanent effect on population health? Revisiting the Brenner hypothesis,” Health Economics, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 767–779, 2004.
- C. J. Rhum, “Good times make you sick,” Journal of Health Economics, vol. 22, pp. 637–658, 2003.
- C. J. Ruhm, “Commentary: mortality increases during economic upturns,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 1206–1211, 2005.
- B. Harris, “Public health, nutrition, and the decline of mortality: the McKeown thesis revisited,” Social History of Medicine, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 379–407, 2004.
- J. A. Tapia Granados, “Economic growth, business fluctuations and health progress,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 1226–1233, 2005.
- J. A. Salomon and C. J. L. Murray, “The epidemiologic transition revisited: compositional models for causes of death by age and sex,” Population and Development Review, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 205–228, 2002.
- J. A. Tapia Granados and E. L. Ionides, “The reversal of the relation between economic growth and health progress: Sweden in the 19th and 20th centuries,” Journal of Health Economics, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 544–563, 2008.
- R. Medzhitov, “Origin and physiological roles of inflammation,” Nature, vol. 454, no. 7203, pp. 428–435, 2008.
- M. Franco, P. Orduñez, and P. Orduñez, “Impact of energy intake, physical activity, and population-wide weight loss on cardiovascular disease and diabetes mortality in Cuba, 1980–2005,” American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 166, no. 12, pp. 1374–1380, 2007.
- M. De Courtin, “Personal communication,” 2009.
- A. M. Hodge, G. K. Dowse, G. Koki, B. Mavo, M. P. Alpers, and P. Z. Zimmet, “Modernity and obesity in coastal and Highland Papua New Guinea,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 154–161, 1995.
- J. A. Tapia Granados, “Macroeconomic fluctuations and mortality in Postwar Japan,” Demography, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 323–343, 2008.
- J. A. Tapia Granados, E. L. Ionides, and O. Carpintero, “Concentrations rather than emissions: a threatening link between world economic growth and atmospheric CO2,” Unpublished.
- G. Egger, “Health, 'Illth,' and economic growth. medicine, environment, and economics at the crossroads,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 78–83, 2009.
- D. H. Meadows, D. L. Meadows, J. Randers, and W. Behrens, The Limits to Growth, Universe Books, New York, NY, USA, 1972.
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, “Climate change: synthesis report 2001,” November 2007, http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_and_data_reports.htm#1.
- Global Commons Institute, Contraction and Convergence. A Global Solution to a Global Problem, GCI, London, UK, 2007, http://www.gci.org.uk/contconv/cc.html.
- S. Roberts, J. Thumim, and Centre for Sustainable Energy, “A rough guide to individual carbon trading: the issues, ideas and the next steps,” Report to DEFRA, November 2007, http://www.ubuntu.com.
- G. Egger, “Personal carbon trading: a potential 'stealth intervention' for obesity reduction?” Medical Journal of Australia, vol. 187, no. 3, pp. 185–187, 2007.
- R. H. Unger and P. E. Scherer, “Gluttony, sloth and the metabolic syndrome: a roadmap to lipotoxicity,” Trends in Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 345–352, 2010.
- J. S. Mill, Principles of Political Economy, 1848. Electronic Reproduction, e-brary, Palo Alto, Calif, USA, 2003.
- A. A. Bartlett, “What part of arithmetic does not hold in Boulder?” Boulder Daily Camera. In press.
- T. Jackson, Prosperity without Growth, Earthscan, London, UK, 2009.