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Advances in Preventive Medicine
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 478741, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/478741
Research Article

Adverse Childhood Experiences and Risk of Binge Drinking and Drunkenness in Middle-Aged Finnish Men

1Department of Public Health, Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio Campus, P.O. Box 1627, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
2National Institute for Health and Welfare, P.O. Box 30, 00271 Helsinki, Finland
3Discipline of Public Health, School of Population Health and Clinical Practice, University of Adelaide, MDP DX 650 550, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
4School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PS, UK

Received 15 June 2011; Revised 31 August 2011; Accepted 9 September 2011

Academic Editor: John Iskander

Copyright © 2011 Laura Kauhanen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this study was to investigate associations between adverse childhood experiences and binge drinking and drunkenness in adulthood using both historical and recalled data from childhood. Methods. Data on childhood adverse experiences were collected from school health records and questionnaires completed in adulthood. Adulthood data were obtained from the baseline examinations of the male participants (n=2682) in the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study (KIHD) in 1984–1989 from eastern Finland. School health records from the 1930s to 1950s were available for a subsample of KIHD men (n=952). Results. According to the school health records, men who had adverse childhood experiences had a 1.51-fold (95% CI 1.05 to 2.18) age- and examination-year adjusted odds of binge drinking in adulthood. After adjustment for socioeconomic position in adulthood or behavioural factors in adulthood, the association remained unchanged. Adjustment for socioeconomic position in childhood attenuated these effects. Also the recalled data showed associations with adverse childhood experiences and binge drinking with different beverages. Conclusions. Our findings suggest that childhood adversities are associated with increased risk of binge drinking in adulthood.