Table 2: Baseline characteristics of men with and without adverse childhood experiences using historical childhood data ( 𝑛 = 8 3 9 ) and questionnaire-based data from adulthood ( 𝑛 = 2 3 1 1 ) from the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor study baseline examinations in 1984.

CovariatesMean (SD) or proportion (%)
Historical childhood data ( 𝑛 = 8 3 9 )Questionnaire-based childhood data ( 𝑛 = 2 3 1 1 )
Men with adverse childhood experiences ( 𝑛 = 2 0 7 )Men without adverse childhood experiences ( 𝑛 = 6 3 2 ) 𝑃 -values for the difference between groupsMen with adverse childhood experiences ( 𝑛 = 2 0 0 8 )Men without adverse childhood experiences ( 𝑛 = 3 0 3 ) 𝑃 -values for the difference between groups

Age group (%)
 4218.426.70.07412.915.20.021
 4819.819.913.215.8
 5448.843.559.850.5
 6013.09.814.018.5
Educational level (%)
 (1) less than elementary10.16.70.34110.08.4<0.001
 (2) elementary41.542.948.934.7
 (3) full or some secondary43.042.735.240.3
 (4) high school or above5.37.85.916.8
Occupation (%)
 (1) farmer10.112.20.78415.813.5<0.001
 (2) blue collar46.445.645.132.0
 (3) white collar43.542.739.054.8
Childhood SEP (%)
 (1) low34.829.00.00332.820.8<0.001
 (2) middle47.841.843.737.0
 (3) high17.429.323.642.2
Smoking history (pack/years)202.5 (327.9)151.1 (289.0)0.048188.4 (354.9)180.0 (327.6)0.703
Body mass index (kg/m2)26.6 (3.5)26.9 (3.7)0.29426.9 (3.6)26.6 (3.5)0.127
Leisure time physical activity (h/year)130.1 (157.3)121.4 (152.7)0.484113.1 (141.5)110.7 (122.9)0.784
Alcohol consumption (g/week)100.5 (219.0)90.1 (122.0)0.39589.9 (149.6)78.4 (96.6)0.195
 Median51.146.944.036.7
 Maximum2853.0867.92853.0633.0
Income (marks/year)80 561.6 (51384.1)85 096.4 (55045.9)0.300776160.0 (50958.9)94 723.9 (63847.4)<0.001
 Median70 000.076 000.069 000.081 000.0
 Maximum360 000.0550 000.0550 000.0550 000.0

SEP: socioeconomic position.