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Advances in Preventive Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 149737, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/149737
Review Article

The Need for Continued Development of Ricin Countermeasures

1Division of Clinical Medicine, Clinical Research Management Inc., Team Ke’aki Tech, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, 1425 Porter Street, Fort Detrick, MD 21702-5011, USA
2Division of Toxinology, United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, 1425 Porter Street, Fort Detrick, MD 21702-5011, USA

Received 1 August 2011; Accepted 10 January 2012

Academic Editor: Phillip R. Pittman

Copyright © 2012 Ronald B. Reisler and Leonard A. Smith. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [6 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Joanne M. O'Hara, and Nicholas J. Mantis, “Neutralizing monoclonal antibodies against ricin's enzymatic subunit interfere with protein disulfide isomerase-mediated reduction of ricin holotoxin in vitro,” Journal of Immunological Methods, vol. 395, no. 1-2, pp. 71–78, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Joanne M. O'Hara, Robert N. Brey, and Nicholas J. Mantis, “Comparative Efficacy of Two Leading Candidate Ricin Toxin A Subunit Vaccine s in Mice,” Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, vol. 20, no. 6, pp. 789–794, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Laszlo Janosi, Jaimee R. Compton, Patricia M. Legler, Keith E. Steele, Jon M. Davis, Gary R. Matyas, and Charles B. Millard, “Disruption of the Putative Vascular Leak Peptide Sequence in the Stabilized Ricin Vaccine Candidate RTA1-33/44-198,” Toxins, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 224–248, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David J. Vance, Jacqueline M. Tremblay, and Charles B. Shoemaker, “Stepwise Engineering of Heterodimeric Single Domain Camelid VHH Antibodies That Passively Protect Mice from Ricin Toxin,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 288, no. 51, pp. 36538–36547, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Alex Skvortsov, and Peter Gray, “A Simple Model for Assessment of Anti-Toxin Antibodies,” BioMed Research International, vol. 2013, pp. 1–8, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Kirsten Sandvig, Jonas Bergan, Simona Kavaliauskiene, and Tore Skotland, “Lipid requirements for entry of protein toxins into cells,” Progress in Lipid Research, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar