Table 2: Changes over time in age-adjusted prevalence of CVD risk factors among NHW, NHB, and MA adults, by sex and period I (1988–1994) and period II (1999–2004).

Current SmokingDiabetes  Hypertension  HypercholesterolemiaObesity  
I IIΔIIIΔIIIΔIIIΔIIIΔ

Non-Hispanic White

Men29.5 25.6−3.9* 8.410.52.127.530.63.1* 58.359.51.2 21.329.78.4**
Women25.9 23.3−2.6 5.45.2−0.224.529.34.8** 56.258.42.2 24.231.97.7**

Total27.6 24.4−3.2 * 6.87.81.026.230.24.0 ** 57.559.2 1.7 22.830.88.0 **

Non-Hispanic Black

Men42.3 33.9−8.4** 10.311.51.338.842.53.7* 51.651.10.5 21.230.18.9**
Women28.8 22.1−6.6* 12.313.91.640.345.65.3* 56.050.0−5.9* 40.352.011.7**

Total34.7 27.3−7.4 ** 11.513.01.539.744.34.6 * 54.250.5 −3.7 * 32.042.410.4 **

Mexican-American

Men27.6 27.4−0.2 13.715.41.728.128.20.1 58.556.9−1.6 25.730.04.3*
Women14.0 13.8−0.2 15.315.0−0.326.330.94.6* 55.654.3−1.3 37.540.63.1

Total21.0 20.9−0.1 14.615.30.727.329.72.4 57.355.8 −1.5 31.535.13.6

Values are percentages, except that the change column values are percentage points.
I = NHANES 1988–1994; II= NHANES 1999–2004.
The asterisks (* and **) indicate significant changes overtime, value < 0.05* and < 0.001**, respectively.
Δ = change.