- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Advances in Preventive Medicine
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 303846, 6 pages
Pertussis Epidemiology in Greece and Emerging Risk Groups during the Vaccination Era (1980–2008)
1First Department of Pediatrics, “Agia Sofia” Children’s Hospital, University of Athens, 11527 Athens, Greece
2Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Thessaly, 22 Papakyriazi Street, 41222 Larissa, Greece
Received 24 May 2012; Revised 9 August 2012; Accepted 23 August 2012
Academic Editor: Jim P. Buttery
Copyright © 2012 Maria Theodoridou et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, http://www.cdc.gov/pertussis/outbreaks-faqs.html.
- A. Elomaa, A. Advani, D. Donnelly et al., “Strain variation among Bordetella pertussis isolates in Finland, where the whole-cell pertussis vaccine has been used for 50 years,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 3681–3687, 2005.
- C. Weber, C. Boursaux-Eude, G. Coralie, V. Caro, and N. Guiso, “Polymorphism of Bordetella pertussis isolates circulating for the last 10 years in France, where a single effective whole-cell vaccine has been used for more than 30 years,” Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 4396–4403, 2001.
- K. M. Edwards, “Overview of pertussis: focus on epidemiology, sources of infection, and long term protection after infant vaccination,” Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. S104–S108, 2005.
- C. H. Wirsing von Konig, S. Postels-Multani, H. L. Bock, and H. J. Schmitt, “Pertussis in adults: frequency of transmission after household exposure,” The Lancet, vol. 346, no. 8986, pp. 1326–1329, 1995.
- H. Therre and S. Baron, “Pertussis immunisation in Europe—the situation in late 1999,” Eurosurveillance, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 6–10, 2000.
- T. Panagiotopoulos, E. Valassi-Adam, E. Sarafidou et al., “Greek study on vaccination coverage,” Archives of Hellenic Medicine, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 154–162, 1999.
- T. Panagiotopoulos, T. Georgakopoulou, and D. Stavrou, “Greek national study on vaccination coverage and occurrence of tuberculosis infection in children (2006),” National School of Public Health, Athens, Greece, http://www.nsph.gr/files/011_Ygeias_Paidiou/Ereunes/emvolia_tblimoxi_2006_ekthesi.pdf.
- World Health Organization, http://www.childinfo.org/files/Immunization_Summary_2008_r6.pdf.
- T. Q. Tan, E. Trindade, and D. Skowronski, “Epidemiology of pertussis,” Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. S10–S18, 2005.
- H. E. De Melker, M. A. E. Conyn-van Spaendonck, H. C. Rümke, J. K. Van Wijngaarden, F. R. Mooi, and J. F. P. Schellekens, “Pertussis in the Netherlands: an outbreak despite high levels of immunization with whole-cell vaccine,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 175–178, 1997.
- K. M. Edwards, “Is pertussis a frequent cause of cough in adolescents and adults? Should routine pertussis immunization be recommended?” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 1698–1699, 2001.
- K. M. Edwards, “Pertussis epidemiology and transmission,” Advanced Studies in Medicine, vol. 5, no. 5 A, pp. S440–S443, 2005.
- J. W. Bass and R. R. Wittler, “Return of epidemic pertussis in the United States,” Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 343–345, 1994.
- Centers for Disease Control and Preventio, “Resurgence of pertussis—United States, 1993,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 42, no. 49, pp. 952–953, 959.
- Centers for Disease Control and Preventio, “Pertussis—United States, January 1992-June 1995,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 44, no. 28, pp. 525–529, 1995.
- G. De Serres, N. Boulianne, M. Douville Fradet, and B. Duval, “Pertussis in Quebec: ongoing epidemic since the late 1980s,” Canada Communicable Disease Report, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 45–48, 1995.
- F. Milord, “Resurgence of pertussis in Monteregie, Quebec 1990–1994,” Canada Communicable Disease Report, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 40–44, 1995.
- L. D. Senzilet, S. A. Halperin, J. S. Spika, M. Alagaratnam, A. Morris, and B. Smith, “Pertussis is a frequent cause of prolonged cough illness in adults and adolescents,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 1691–1697, 2001.
- M. Tanaka, C. R. Vitek, F. B. Pascual, K. M. Bisgard, J. E. Tate, and T. V. Murphy, “Trends in Pertussis among Infants in the United States, 1980–1999,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 290, no. 22, pp. 2968–2975, 2003.
- S. S. Long, “Bordetella pertussis and other species,” in Principles and Practice of Paediatric Infectious Diseases, S. S. Long, L. K. Pickering, and C. G. Prober, Eds., pp. 976–986, Churchill Livingstone, New York, NY, USA, 1997.
- S. W. Wright, K. M. Edwards, M. D. Decker, and M. H. Zeldin, “Pertussis infection in adults with persistent cough,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 273, no. 13, pp. 1044–1046, 1995.
- J. Schellekens, C. H. W. Von König, and P. Gardner, “Pertussis sources of infection and routes of transmission in the vaccination era,” Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. S19–S24, 2005.
- F. R. Mooi, I. H. M. Van Loo, M. Van Gent et al., “Bordetella pertussis strains with increased toxin production associated with pertussis resurgence,” Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1206–1213, 2009.
- KEELPNO (Hellenic Centre of Disease Control and Prevention), http://www2.keelpno.gr/images/stories/keelpno/nosimata/kokkitisorismos.pdf.
- Mediterranean Migration Observatory, “Statistical data on immigrants in Greece: an analytic study of available data and Recommendations for conformity with European Union standards,” 2004.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Pertussis—United States, 1997–2000,” Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 73–76, 2002.
- M. Grgič-Vitek, I. Klavs, and A. Kraigher, “Re-emergence of pertussis in Slovenia: time to change immunization policy,” Vaccine, vol. 26, no. 15, pp. 1874–1878, 2008.
- W. Hellenbrand, D. Beier, E. Jensen et al., “The epidemiology of pertussis in Germany: past and present,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 9, article 22, 2009.
- M. Theodoridou, A. Hadjipanagis, N. Persianis, S. Makri, and C. Hadjichristodoulou, “Pertussis outbreak detected by active surveillance in Cyprus in 2003,” European Communicable Disease Bulletin, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. E11–12, 2007.
- F. R. Mooi, “Bordetella pertussis and vaccination: the persistence of a genetically monomorphic pathogen,” Infection, Genetics and Evolution, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 36–49, 2010.
- M. P. Flanagan and K. Julian, “How to manage a pertussis outbreak in your practice. A physician shares the lessons he learned after unknowingly exposing patients and staff to whooping cough,” Family Practice Management, vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 31–34, 2005.
- S. Leekha, R. L. Thompson, and P. Sampathkumar, “Epidemiology and control of pertussis outbreaks in a tertiary care center and the resource consumption associated with these outbreaks,” Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 467–473, 2009.
- D. F. Ross and P. Pogonat-Bourque, “Contact tracing for pertussis,” Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 160, no. 6, p. 786, 1999.
- P. Rohani, X. Zhong, and A. A. King, “Contact network structure explains the changing epidemiology of pertussis,” Science, vol. 330, no. 6006, pp. 982–985, 2010.
- I. I. Sakou, A. K. Tsitsika, V. Papaevangelou, E. C. Tzavela, D. E. Greydanus, and M. N. Tsolia, “Vaccination coverage among adolescents and risk factors associated with incomplete immunization,” European Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 170, no. 11, pp. 1419–1426, 2011.