Table 1: Listing of internationally accepted essential interventions for HIV prevention for people who use drugs.

(1) Needle and syringe programmes (NSP)/syringe service programs (SSP)
(2) Substance use disorder treatment, including medication-assisted treatment (MAT) and opioid substitution treatment (OST)
(3) HIV counselling and testing (HCT)
(4) Antiretroviral therapy (ART)
(5) Prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infection (STI)
(6) Condom distribution programs for PWID and their sex partners
(7) Targeted information, education, and communication (IEC) for PWID and their sex partners
(8) Vaccination, diagnosis, and treatment of viral hepatitis infection
(9) Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of tuberculosis