Table 1: Maternal characteristics.

(%)

Age
,  Mean325, 26.3
Minimum–Maximum 14.0–45.0
Racea
 White87 (26.1)
 Black132 (39.6)
 Hispanic84 (25.2)
 Mixed and other30 (9.0)
Language spoken at homea
 English only238 (70.6)
 English and Spanish56 (16.6)
 Spanish or other only22 (6.5)
 Other bi-multi-lingual 21 (6.2)
Educationa
 <High school56 (16.4)
 ≥High school254 (74.5)
 Unknown31 (9.1)
Inner-City residenceb
 Yes220 (64.5)
BF Plana
 Less than 3 months/none149 (44.1)
 4+ Months189 (55.9)
Parity and BF
 First baby157 (46.0)
 Breastfed prior Infant—Yes148 (43.4)
 Breastfed prior Infant—No36 (10.6)
Self-Reported depression during or right after most recent pregnancy
 Yes90 (26.4)
Prepregnancy BMIa
 <25.0152 (46.6)
 25–29.987 (26.7)
 >30.087 (26.7)
Alcohol usea
 Never/previous170 (50.1)
 Current use169 (49.9)
Smokinga
 Not now/never251 (74.9)
 Current use84 (25.1)
Overall stress
, Mean325, 2.5
Minimum–Maximum 0.0–11.0
Financial stressc
 Yes224 (65.7)
Emotional stressd
 Yes100 (29.3)
Traumatic stresse
 Yes102 (29.9)
Partner-Associated stressf
 Yes169 (49.6)

Abbreviations: BF: breastfeeding; BMI: Body mass index.
a .
bDefined using 9 urban zip codes with elevated levels of poverty.
cFinancial stress defined as answering yes to one of the following occurring during or in the month after pregnancy: big problems with money, moved to a new address.
dEmotional stress defined as answering yes to one of the following occurring during or in the month after pregnancy: family member had serious accident/illness, husband/partner had serious accident/illness, husband/partner died, friend/relative died.
eTraumatic stress defined as answering yes to one of the following occurring during or in the month after pregnancy: stayed in a shelter or needed emergency shelter, physical fights with partner/husband or someone else, husband/partner had legal trouble and/or went to jail, mother had legal trouble and/or went to jail, someone very close had a problem with drinking or drugs.
fPartner-Associated stress defined as answering yes to one of the following occurring during or in the month after pregnancy: separated from husband/partner, argued with husband/partner more often, husband/partner said he did not want pregnancy.