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Advances in Preventive Medicine
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 450195, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/450195
Research Article

Impact of Helmet Use in Traumatic Brain Injuries Associated with Recreational Vehicles

1Center for Brain Injury Research and Education, University of Florida College of Medicine, 1329 SW 16th Street, Suite 4270, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
2Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
3Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
4Division of Clinical Research, Emergency Medicine & Neurological Surgery, Toral Family Foundation, Davie, FL 33325, USA
5Department of Radiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
6Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610, USA

Received 25 June 2013; Revised 13 August 2013; Accepted 14 August 2013

Academic Editor: John Iskander

Copyright © 2013 Latha Ganti et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To study the impact of helmet use on outcomes after recreational vehicle accidents. Methods. This is an observational cohort of adult and pediatric patients who sustained a TBI while riding a recreational vehicle. Recreational vehicles included bicycles, motorcycles, and all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), as well as a category for other vehicles such as skateboards and scooters. Results. Lack of helmet use was significantly associated with having a more severe traumatic brain injury and being admitted to the hospital. Similarly, 25% of those who did wearing a helmet were admitted to the ICU versus 36% of those who did not ( ). The hospital length of stay was significantly greater for patients who did not use helmets. Conclusion. Lack of helmet use is significantly correlated with abnormal neuroimaging and admission to the hospital and ICU; these data support a call for action to implement more widespread injury prevention and helmet safety education and advocacy.