Table 3: Poisson regression models showing relative risk (RR) of HIV/AIDS mortality according to socioeconomic deprivation, urbanization level, primary medical care shortage areas, health uninsurance rate, and racial composition, United States, 1992–1995 and 2003–2007.

2003–20071992–1995
Age-adjustedCovariate-adjusted Age-adjustedCovariate-adjusted
RR95% CIRR95% CIRR95% CIRR95% CI

Total US population
Socioeconomic deprivation index
Quintile 1 (low SES)4.404.27–4.532.252.17–2.342.192.15–2.220.920.90–0.94
Quintiles 2–4 (middle SES)2.132.07–2.191.681.64–1.731.441.42–1.460.900.89–0.92
Quintile 5 (high SES)1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference
Urbanization level
Large metro. counties13.202.87–3.573.883.48–4.334.043.71–4.406.736.18–7.33
Medium metro. counties22.181.95–2.432.982.67–3.332.432.23–2.654.934.53–5.38
Small metro counties31.581.41–1.772.091.86–2.341.681.53–1.833.313.04–3.62
Urban nonmetro. counties41.531.36–1.711.711.53–1.921.421.30–1.552.051.88–2.24
Rural counties51.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference
Health professional shortage area
Underserved2.272.21–2.341.281.24–1.322.272.23–2.321.221.20–1.25
Not underserved1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference
Health uninsurance rate61.441.43–1.451.141.12–1.151.391.39–1.401.451.44–1.46
Percent of black population71.501.49–1.511.381.38–1.391.331.32–1.331.281.27–1.28
Total black population
Socioeconomic deprivation index
Quintile 1 (low SES)2.472.38–2.582.172.06–2.281.311.27–1.351.221.18–1.27
Quintiles 2–4 (middle SES)1.631.57–1.691.551.49–1.611.021.00–1.050.950.93–0.98
Quintile 5 (high SES)1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference
Urbanization level
Large metro. counties2.372.03–2.783.492.98–4.083.723.19–4.334.583.93–5.34
Medium metro. counties1.941.66–2.282.952.51–3.462.492.13–2.903.362.88–3.92
Small metro. counties1.461.24–1.712.051.74–2.411.521.30–1.781.951.67–2.29
Urban nonmetro. counties1.541.31–1.811.731.47–2.031.441.23–1.691.561.34–1.83
Rural counties1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference
Health professional shortage area
Underserved1.761.69–1.841.211.16–1.261.721.66–1.781.321.27–1.37
Not underserved1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference
Health uninsurance rate1.281.27–1.301.031.01–1.051.201.19–1.221.121.11–1.14
Percent of black population1.171.16–1.181.101.10–1.111.081.07–1.081.031.02–1.04
Black male
Socioeconomic deprivation index
Quintile 1 (low SES)2.422.30–2.542.101.97–2.241.321.28–1.361.231.18–1.29
Quintiles 2–4 (middle SES)1.651.57–1.731.571.49–1.651.071.04–1.101.010.97–1.04
Quintile 5 (high SES)1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference
Urbanization level
Large metro. counties2.482.04–3.003.592.96–4.353.853.23–4.594.713.95–5.62
Medium metro. counties2.071.70–2.513.092.54–3.762.552.13–3.043.392.84–4.05
Small metro. counties1.541.26–1.882.171.78–2.651.581.32–1.892.031.70–2.44
Urban nonmetro. counties1.551.28–1.891.761.45–2.151.451.21–1.741.591.33–1.91
Rural counties1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference
Health professional shortage area
Underserved1.741.65–1.831.191.13–1.261.751.68–1.831.321.27–1.38
Not underserved1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference
Health uninsurance rate1.271.25–1.291.021.01–1.051.191.17–1.201.101.08–1.11
Percent of black population1.181.17–1.191.121.11–1.131.101.09–1.101.051.05–1.06
Black female
Socioeconomic deprivation index
Quintile 1 (low SES)2.602.43–2.792.302.10–2.521.351.28–1.431.231.14–1.33
Quintiles 2–4 (middle SES)1.611.51–1.721.531.42–1.650.930.88–0.980.840.79–0.89
Quintile 5 (high SES)1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference
Urbanization level
Large metro. counties2.431.85–3.203.702.81–4.873.862.83–5.284.973.64–6.80
Medium metro. counties1.851.41–2.442.912.20–3.842.481.81–3.393.612.63–4.94
Small metro. counties1.361.02–1.811.941.46–2.581.381.00–1.911.821.32–2.53
Urban nonmetro. counties1.531.16–2.031.711.29–2.271.401.01–1.921.481.08–2.05
Rural counties1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference
Health professional shortage area
Underserved1.841.71–1.981.241.14–1.341.711.58–1.841.301.20–1.41
Not underserved1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference1.00 Reference
Health uninsurance rate1.321.29–1.351.051.02–1.081.291.26–1.321.211.18–1.25
Percent of black population1.161.15–1.181.081.07–1.101.061.05–1.070.990.98–1.00

1Counties in metropolitan areas with 1 million population or more. 2Counties in metropolitan areas of 250,000–1,000,000 population. 3Counties in metropolitan areas with population < 250,000. 4Urban nonmetropolitan counties consisting mostly of small urban towns with population < 20,000. 5Rural counties with no places with a population of ≥2,500. 6Relative risk associated with each 5-percentage-point increase in the proportion of population without health insurance. 7Relative risk associated with each 10-percentage-point increase in the proportion of the black population in a county.