Table 1: Comparison of key PMTCT outcomes at baseline, and during the Rapid Results Initiative (RRI) and the post-RRI periods.

Baseline periodRRI periodPost-RRI period
Oct 2010–Jan 2011*Apr–Jun 2011Jul–Sep 2011
(%) (%)Risk ratio (95% CI)+ (%)Risk ratio (95% CI)+

Maternal outcomes
 HIV testing859191238068
 HIVpositive166218901526
 CD4 testing980/1662 (59.0%)1258/1890 (66.6%)1.1 (1.1-1.2)966/1526 (63.3%)1.1 (1.0–1.1)
 HAART initiation228/1662 (13.7%)373/1890 (19.7%)1.4 (1.2–1.7)331/1526 (21.7%)1.58 (1.4–1.8)
HIV-exposed infant outcomes
 PCR testing768/1662 (46.2%)1149/1890 (60.8%)1.3 (1.2–1.4)1327/1526 (87.0%)1.9 (1.8–2.0)
 PCR positive93/768 (12.1%)158/1149 (13.8%)1.1 (0.9–1.4)152/1327 (11.5%)0.9 (0.7–1.2)
 HAART initiation51/93 (54.8%)95/158 (60.1%)1.1 (0.9–1.4)105/152 (69.0%)1.3 (1.0–1.6)
Male partner engagement outcome
 HIV testing660/8591 (7.7%)1496/9123 (16.3%)2.1 (2.0–2.3)939/8068 (11.6%)1.5 (1.4–1.7)

*December 2010 data excluded.
+Results compared to baseline survey period.
Statistically significant.