About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
AIDS Research and Treatment
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 815823, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/815823
Research Article

HIV Clients as Agents for Prevention: A Social Network Solution

1Department of Women and Gender Studies, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
2Department of Health, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, CA 90407, USA
3Faculty of Social Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Received 20 January 2012; Accepted 13 March 2012

Academic Editor: Marjorie Robert-Guroff

Copyright © 2012 Sarah Ssali et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Gerbert, D. W. Danley, K. Herzig et al., “Refraining “prevention with positives”: incorporating counseling techniques that improve the health of HIV-positive patients,” AIDS Patient Care and STDs, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 19–29, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. Gilbert, D. Ciccarone, S. A. Gansky et al., “Interactive “Video doctor” counseling reduces drug and sexual risk behaviors among HIV-positive patients in diverse outpatient settings,” PLoS One, vol. 3, no. 4, Article ID e1988, pp. 1–10, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. Samayoa, M. R. Anderson, L. F. O'Sullivan et al., “Does HIV VCT reduce risk behaviors? An observational study in Guatemala City,” Current HIV Research, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 121–126, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. C. A. Latkin, “Outreach in natural settings: the use of peer leaders for HIV prevention among injecting drug users' networks,” Public Health Reports, vol. 113, Supplement 1, pp. 151–159, 1998. View at Scopus
  5. C. A. Latkin, W. Mandell, D. Vlahov, M. Oziemkowska, and D. D. Celentano, “The long-term outcome of a personal network-oriented HIV prevention intervention for injection drug users: the SAFE study,” American Journal of Community Psychology, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 341–364, 1996. View at Scopus
  6. C. A. Latkin, W. Mandell, M. Oziemkowska et al., “Using social network analysis to study patterns of drug use among urban drug users at high risk for HIV/AIDS,” Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 1–9, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. I. Basu, S. Jana, M. J. Rotheram-Borus et al., “HIV prevention among sex workers in India,” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 845–852, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. P. Koenig, F. Léandre, and P. E. Farmer, “Scaling-up HIV treatment programmes in resource-limited settings: the rural Haiti experience,” AIDS, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. S21–S25, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. Bussmann, C. W. Wester, N. Ndwapi et al., “Five-year outcomes of initial patients treated in Botswana's national antiretroviral treatment program,” AIDS, vol. 22, no. 17, pp. 2303–2311, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. Haythornthwaite, “Social network analysis: an approach and technique for the study of information exchange,” Library and Information Science Research, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 323–342, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. P. Borgatti and R. Cross, “A relational view of information seeking and learning in social networks,” Management Science, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 432–445, 2003. View at Scopus
  12. S. Wasserman and K. Faust, Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 1994.
  13. N. El-Bassel, D. R. Chen, and D. Cooper, “Social support and social network profiles among women on methadone,” Social Service Review, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 379–401, 1998. View at Scopus
  14. R. B. Rothenberg, J. J. Potterat, D. E. Woodhouse, S. Q. Muth, W. W. Darrow, and A. S. Klovdahl, “Social network dynamics and HIV transmission,” AIDS, vol. 12, no. 12, pp. 1529–1536, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. A. Chesney, J. R. Ickovics, D. B. Chambers, et al., “Self-reported adherence to antiretroviral medications among participants in HIV clinical trials: the AACTG adherence instruments. Patient care committee & adherence working group of the outcomes committee of the adult AIDS clinical trials group (AACTG),” AIDS Care, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 255–266, 2000.
  16. B. E. Berger, C. E. Ferrans, and F. R. Lashley, “Measuring stigma in people with HIV: psychometric assessment of the HIV stigma scale,” Research in Nursing and Health, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 518–529, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. C. Kalichman, L. C. Simbayi, S. Jooste et al., “Development of a brief scale to measure AIDS-related stigma in South Africa,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 135–143, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. K. Campbell and B. Lee, “Name generators in surveys of personal networks,” Social Networks, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 203–221, 1991. View at Scopus
  19. C. McCarty, “Measuring structure in personal networks,” Journal of Social Structure, vol. 3, no. 1, 2002.
  20. C. McCarty, H. Bernard, P. Killworth, G. A. Shelley, and E. C. Johnsen, “Eliciting representative samples of personal networks,” Social Networks, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 303–323, 1997. View at Scopus
  21. C. McCarty, P. D. Killworth, and J. Rennell, “Impact of methods for reducing respondent burden on personal network structural measures,” Social Networks, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 300–315, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. H. D. Green, L. Atuyambe, S. Ssali, G. W. Ryan, and G. J. Wagner, “Social Networks of PLHA in Uganda: implications for mobilizing PLHA as agents for prevention,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 992–1002, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. A. N. Miller and D. L. Rubin, “Factors leading to self-disclosure of a positive HIV diagnosis in Nairobi, Kenya: people living with HIV/AIDS in the sub-sahara,” Qualitative Health Research, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 586–598, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. R. King, D. Katuntu, J. Lifshay et al., “Processes and outcomes of HIV serostatus disclosure to sexual partners among people living with HIV in Uganda,” AIDS and Behavior, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 232–243, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus