Table 3: Effects of yoga exercise on management of osteoarthritis reported in a randomized controlled trial.

First author (year) [ref.]SubjectsExercise interventionControl interventionResults

Garfinkel (1994) [48]Older persons (≥50 yr) with OA at hands (fingers) in US, 𝑁 = 2 5 with 4 attritions in totalYoga + relaxation + education (60 min/session × 1 session/week × 8 weeks), 𝑁 = 1 7 Waiting list control, 𝑁 = 8 Compared to the waiting list control, yoga group
(i) decreased pain,
(ii) improved range of motion,
(iii) showed no difference in grip strength or joint circumference.