Table 2

Author Year of studyCountryCost studiedIndividual cost per annum (2010 £) per OA patientPopulation
cost per annum
(2010 £)

McClean et al.
1993
USA
Direct costs£1526
US $548 million
Lanes et al.
1994
USA
Direct costs £496
N/A
Buckwater et al.
2000USAIndirect costsN/A£2 billion–£8 billion
Kotlartz et al.
2005USAIndirect costs£355 £7.25 billion
Maetzel et al.
2000CanadaDirect costs
Indirect costs
£3162
£1407
N/A
N/A
Gupta et al.2002CanadaDirect costs
Indirect costs
£1768
£9986
N/A
N/A
Loza et al.2003SpainDirect costs
Indirect costs
£1292
£209
£4.04 billion
£654 million
Le Pen et al.
2003FranceDirect costs£316 £1.58 billion
Leardini et al.2001ItalyDirect costs
Indirect costs
£ 981
£1299
N/A
N/A
Woo et al.2001
Hong KongDirect costs
Indirect costs
£6561
£620
£323 million
(combined cost)
Xie et al.2005SingaporeIndirect costs£610–£730N/A