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Advances in Urology
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 232609, 17 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/232609
Review Article

Predictive Biomarkers of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin Immunotherapy Response in Bladder Cancer: Where Are We Now?

1Experimental Pathology and Therapeutics Group, Portuguese Institute of Oncology, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal
2ICBAS, Abel Salazar Biomedical Sciences Institute, University of Porto, 4099-003 Porto, Portugal
3Nucleo de Investigação em Farmácia, Centro de Estudos em Saúde e Ambiente (CISA), School of Allied Health Sciences, Polytechnic Institute of Oporto, 4400-330 Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal
4Department of Gastroenterology, Portuguese Institute of Oncology, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal
5CINTESIS/Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal
6Laboratory of Medical Investigation (LIM) 14, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, 01246903 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
7Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, and ICVS/3B’s-PT Government Associate Laboratory, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
8Molecular Oncology Research Center, Barretos Cancer Hospital, 1331 Barretos, 1478-400 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
9Health Sciences Faculty, University Fernando Pessoa, 4200-150 Porto, Portugal
10Department of Surgical Oncology, Portuguese Institute of Oncology, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal

Received 23 February 2012; Revised 29 May 2012; Accepted 16 June 2012

Academic Editor: Kesavan Esuvaranathan

Copyright © 2012 Luís Lima et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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