Table 1: Patient and tumor characteristics.

Patients ( )
 Male55
 Female24
Patient age (yr) (range)65,9 (36–83)
 Mean (SD yr)68 (10.6)
Kidney ( )
 Right46
 Left35
Indications ( )
 Solitary kidney7
 Tumor recurrence1
 2nd tumor ipsilateral kidney1
 Other72
Tumors ( )78
Tumor size (mm) (range)30,6 (15–50)
 Mean (SD mm)30 (7.6)
LCA approach ( )
 Retroperitoneal46
 Transperitoneal35
 Conversion3