Table 1: Different methods for studying urine biomarkers.

Tests for molecular markers in urineTests for the analysis of exfoliated cells

Bladder tumor antigenAutomated cytology assays
Nuclear matrix protein 22Cytokeratin 20
Nuclear matrix protein 52Telomerase
BCLA-4 nuclear matrix proteinMicrosatellite DNA
BCLA-1 nuclear matrix proteinChromosomal abnormalities
SurvivinCarcinoembryogenic antigen
Cytokeratin 8, 18, and 19Mucoproteins
Fibrin degradation productsNuclear morphology abnormalities
Hyaluronic acidDD23
HyaluronidaseLewis X antigen