Table 1: Summary of case series by transplant complication and endourologic treatment modality.

ComplicationTreatment modality No. of series No. of patientsMean success rate (range)

Ureteral obstructionBalloon dilation49451% (44 to 62%)
Acucise endoureterotomy22178% (60 to 100%)
Direct vision endoureterotomy51779% (63 to 100%)
Urinary leak/fistulaMaximal urinary decompression66562% (36 to 87%)
Bladder outlet obstructionTransurethral resection of prostate35498% (88 to 100%)
Vesicoureteral refluxDeflux injection34953% (25 to 58%)
Transplant calculiShock wave lithotripsy45788% (62 to 100%)
Ureteroscopic lithotripsy22785% (78 to 92%)
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy33589% (77 to 100%)