Table 2: Pathologic partial and complete response rates: neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Neoadjuvant chemotherapyOdds ratio (95% CI)*
YesNo

Complete response (pT0)3.11 (1.45–6.64)
 Yes24 (28%)8 (9%)
 No63 (72%)83 (91%)
Any response (P ≤ T1)3.23 (1.21–8.64)
 Yes45 (52%)23 (25%)
 No42 (48%)68 (75%)

Adjusted for age, gender, race, clinical stage, prior BCG use, extent of TUR, cardiac disease, and baseline creatinine.