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Advances in Urology
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 632790, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/632790
Research Article

Damage of Stone Baskets by Endourologic Lithotripters: A Laboratory Study of 5 Lithotripters and 4 Basket Types

1Clinic of Urology, Luebeck Campus, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538 Luebeck, Germany
2Medical Laser Center Luebeck GmbH, Ratzeburger Allee 160, 23538 Luebeck, Germany

Received 5 March 2013; Revised 6 September 2013; Accepted 12 September 2013

Academic Editor: Walid A. Farhat

Copyright © 2013 Jens Cordes et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. In some cases, the ureteral stone is simultaneously stabilized by a stone basket when endourologic lithotripsy is performed. This stabilization can be either on purpose or by accident. By accident means that an impaction in the ureter occurs by an extraction of a stone with a basket. A stabilization on purpose means to avoid a retropulsion of the stone into the kidney during lithotripsy. At this part of the operation, stone baskets have been frequently damaged. This severing of wires can lead to ureteral trauma because of hook formation. Material and Methods. In a laboratory setting, the time and the pulse numbers were measured until breaking the wires from four different nitinol stone baskets by using five different lithotripsy devices. The endpoint was gross visibledamage to the wire and loss of electric conduction. Results. The Ho:YAG laser and the ultrasonic device were able to destroy almost all the wires. The ballistic devices and the electrohydraulic device were able to destroy thin wires. Conclusion. The operating surgeon should know the risk of damagefor every lithotripter. The Ho:YAG-laser and the ultrasonic device should be classified as dangerous for the basket wire with all adverse effects to the patient.