- About this Journal ·
- Abstracting and Indexing ·
- Advance Access ·
- Aims and Scope ·
- Article Processing Charges ·
- Articles in Press ·
- Author Guidelines ·
- Bibliographic Information ·
- Citations to this Journal ·
- Contact Information ·
- Editorial Board ·
- Editorial Workflow ·
- Free eTOC Alerts ·
- Publication Ethics ·
- Reviewers Acknowledgment ·
- Submit a Manuscript ·
- Subscription Information ·
- Table of Contents
Advances in Urology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 765756, 4 pages
Lock-Out Valve to Decrease Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections
1Department of Anesthesiology, University of Southern California Medical Center, 1200 N. State Street, IPT, Room C4E100, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
2The Urology Group, 19415 Deerfield Avenue, Suite 112, Leesburg, VA 20176, USA
3San Diego, CA 92121, USA
4Center for Reconstructive Urology, 333 City Boulevard West, Suite 1240, Orange, CA 92868, USA
Received 29 June 2013; Accepted 7 November 2013; Published 20 January 2014
Academic Editor: Walid A. Farhat
Copyright © 2014 Amir Shbeeb et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
- L. A. Jewes, W. A. Gillespie, A. Leadbetter et al., “Bacteriuria and bacteraemia in patients with long-term indwelling catheters—A Domiciliary Study,” Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 61–65, 1988.
- C. D. Salgado, T. B. Karchmer, and B. M. Farr, Prevention and Control of Nosocomial Infections, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 4th edition, 2003.
- M. J. Richards, J. R. Edwards, D. H. Culver, et al., “Nosocomial infections in medical intensive care units in the United States. National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System,” Critical Care Medicine, vol. 2, pp. 887–892, 1999.
- M. B. Rosenthal, “Nonpayment for performance? Medicare's new reimbursement rule,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 357, no. 16, pp. 1573–1575, 2007.
- Medicare Program, “Changes to the hospital inpatient prospective payment systems and fiscal year 2008 rates,” Federal Register, vol. 72, pp. 47379–47428, 2007.
- C. J. Rosser, R. L. Bare, and J. W. Meredith, “Urinary tract infections in the critically ill patient with a urinary catheter,” American Journal of Surgery, vol. 177, no. 4, pp. 287–290, 1999.
- R. A. Garibaldi, J. P. Burke, M. L. Dickman, and C. B. Smith, “Factors predisposing to bacteriuria during indwelling urethral catheterization,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 291, no. 5, pp. 215–219, 1974.
- R. H. Mak and H.-J. Kuo, “Pathogenesis of urinary tract infection: an update,” Current Opinion in Pediatrics, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 148–152, 2006.
- G. F. Thornton and V. T. Andriole, “Bacteriuria during indwelling catheter drainage. II. Effect of a closed sterile drainage system,” Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 214, no. 2, pp. 339–342, 1970.
- C. M. Kunin and R. C. McCormack, “Prevention of catheter-induced urinary-tract infections by sterile closed drainage,” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 274, no. 21, pp. 1155–1161, 1966.
- J. P. Burke, R. A. Larsen, and L. E. Stevens, “Nosocomial bacteriuria: estimating the potential for prevention by closed sterile urinary drainage,” Infection Control, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 96–99, 1986.
- J. DeGroot-Kosolcharoen, R. Guse, and J. M. Jones, “Evaluation of a urinary catheter with a preconnected closed drainage bag,” Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 72–76, 1988.
- S. Wenzler-Röttele, M. Dettenkofer, E. Schmidt-Eisenlohr, A. Gregersen, J. Schulte-Mönting, and M. Tvede, “Comparison in a laboratory model between the performance of a urinary closed system bag with double non-return valve and that of a single valve system,” Infection, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 214–218, 2006.