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Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2 (2002), Issue 2, Pages 94-105
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/S1110724302205033
Review article

Regulation of repair by the 26S proteasome

1Susan Lehman Cullman Laboratory for Cancer Research, Department of Chemical Biology, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 164 Frelinghuysen Road, Piscataway, NJ 08854-8020, USA
2Department of Biochemistry, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 675 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08854-5635, USA

Received 30 April 2002; Accepted 10 May 2002

Copyright © 2002 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Cellular processes such as transcription and DNA repair may be regulated through diverse mechanisms, including RNA synthesis, protein synthesis, posttranslational modification and protein degradation. The 26S proteasome, which is responsible for degrading a broad spectrum of proteins, has been shown to interact with several nucleotide excision repair proteins, including xeroderma pigmentosum B protein (XPB), Rad4, and Rad23. Rad4 and Rad23 form a complex that binds preferentially to UV-damaged DNA. The 26S proteasome may regulate repair by degrading DNA repair proteins after repair is completed or, alternatively, the proteasome may act as a molecular chaperone to promote disassembly of the repair complex. In either case, the interaction between the proteasome and nucleotide excision repair depends on proteins like Rad23 that bind ubiquitin-conjugated proteins and the proteasome. While the iteration between Rad4 and Rad23 is well established, it will be interesting to determine what other proteins are regulated in a Rad23-dependent manner.