Table 1: Plasma levels of testosterone for different groups of mice.

Treatment groupsPlasma testosterone (pg/mL)

(1) Normothermic controls (NCs) 4 0 3 ± 9 1
(2) Sham-operated heatstroke (SOH) mice 5 2 5 ± 1 1 5
(3) Castrated, vehicle-treated heatstroke (CVH) mice 4 ± 2
(4) Castrated, testosterone-treated heatstroke (CTH) mice 2 6 0 ± 2 4 ,

* 𝑃 < . 0 1 in comparison with group 1 or group 2;
** 𝑃 < . 0 5 in comparison with group 3. The blood sampling was obtained for testosterone assay immediately before the start of thermal experiments (or 14 days after vehicle or testosterone treatment). Data are means ± SEM of 7 mice per group.