Table 1: Clinical-biological pattern in pulmonary helminthic diseases.

Clinical-biological patternsSubtypesSyndromeParasites

Pulmonary mass or noduleE. granulosus
D. immitis
Pulmonary infiltratesNo extrapulmonaryLöffler’s SyndromeAscaris sp.
A. duodenale
N. americanus
Tropical eosinophiliaW. bancrofti
B. malayi
B. timori
ExtrapulmonaryKatayama's SyndromeSchistosoma sp.
Visceral larva migransToxocara sp.
Hyperinfection SyndromeStrongyloides sp.
Miliar pattern/Pulmonary hypertensionSchistosoma sp.
Pleural effusionParagonimus sp.
Inflammatory myopathyTrichinella sp.