Table 1: Neurohumoral, hemodynamic and renal characteristics of sham operated rats and rats with compensated and decompensated CHF (see [7, 8, 10, 12, 17]).

ParameterShamCHF-compensatedCHF-decompensated

NeurohumoralPRA (ng Ang/ml/min)
Aldosterone (pg/ml) a a,b
AVP (pg/ml) a a
Epinephrine (pg/ml) a,b
Norepinephrine (pg/ml) a a,b
ANP (pg/ml) a a

HemodynamicCVP (mmHg) a
MAP (mmHg) a a,b
CO (ml/min) a

RenalGFR (ml/min) a a,b
RBF (ml/min) a a
UNaV (mEq/min) a a,b

PRA: Plasma renin activity, AVP: Arginine vasopressin, ANP: Atrial natriuretic peptide, CVP: Central venous pressure, MAP: Mean arterial pressure, CO: Cardiac output, GFR: Glomerular filtration rate, RBF: Renal Blood flow, : Urinary sodium excretion.
a versus sham operated rats, b versus compensated CHF. Values are means + SEM.