About this Journal Submit a Manuscript Table of Contents
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume 2011 (2011), Article ID 743763, 7 pages
Research Article

The Beneficial Effect of Direct Peritoneal Resuscitation on Septic Shock in Rats

Department of Anesthesiology, Renhe Hospital of Three Gorge University, Yichang 443001, China

Received 22 July 2011; Accepted 24 August 2011

Academic Editor: Saulius Butenas

Copyright © 2011 Xingjun Luo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. H. T. Hassoun, B. C. Kone, D. W. Mercer, F. G. Moody, N. W. Weisbrodt, and F. A. Moore, “Post-injury multiple organ failure: the role of the gut,” Shock, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1–10, 2001. View at Scopus
  2. L. B. Hiltebrand, V. Krejci, A. Banic, D. Erni, A. M. Wheatley, and G. H. Sigurdsson, “Dynamic study of the distribution of microcirculatory blood flow in multiple splanchnic organs in septic shock,” Critical Care Medicine, vol. 28, no. 9, pp. 3233–3241, 2000. View at Scopus
  3. B. Dahlbäck, “Progress in the understanding of the protein C anticoagulant pathway,” International Journal of Hematology, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 109–116, 2004. View at Scopus
  4. S. J. Fitch and J. R. Gossage, “Optimal management of septic shock: rapid recognition and institution of therapy are crucial,” Postgraduate Medicine, vol. 111, no. 3, pp. 53–66, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. B. D. Freeman and C. Natanson, “Anti-inflammatory therapies in sepsis and septic shock,” Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs, vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 1651–1663, 2000. View at Scopus
  6. C. L. Holmes, B. M. Patel, J. A. Russell, and K. R. Walley, “Physiology of vasopressin relevant to management of septic shock,” Chest, vol. 120, no. 3, pp. 989–1002, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. A. Meier-Hellmann, S. G. Sakka, and K. Reinhart, “Catecholamines and splanchnic perfusion,” Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift, vol. 130, no. 50, pp. 1942–1947, 2000. View at Scopus
  8. K. Werdan, “Pathophysiology of septic shock and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and various therapeutic approaches with special emphasis on immunoglobulins,” Therapeutic Apheresis, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 115–122, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. E. R. Zakaria, R. N. Garrison, T. Kawabe et al., “Direct peritoneal resuscitation from hemorrhagic shock: effect of time delay in therapy initiation,” Journal of Trauma, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 499–508, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. R. Zakaria, R. N. Garrison, D. A. Spain et al., “Intraperitoneal resuscitation improves intestinal blood flow following hemorrhagic shock,” Annals of Surgery, vol. 237, no. 5, pp. 704–713, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. N. Garrison, A. A. Conn, P. D. Harris, and E. R. Zakaria, “Direct peritoneal resuscitation as adjunct to conventional resuscitation from hemorrhagic shock: a better outcome,” Surgery, vol. 136, no. 4, pp. 900–908, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. T. M. Fruchterman, D. A. Spain, M. A. Wilson, P. D. Harris, and R. N. Garrison, “Selective microvascular endothelial cell dysfunction in the small intestine following resuscitated hemorrhagic shock,” Shock, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 417–422, 1998. View at Scopus
  13. R. R. Ivatury, R. J. Simon, S. Islam, A. Fueg, M. Rohman, and W. M. Stahl, “A prospective randomized study of end points of resuscitation after major trauma: global oxygen transport indices versus organ-specific gastric mucosal pH,” Journal of the American College of Surgeons, vol. 183, no. 2, pp. 145–154, 1996. View at Scopus
  14. D. LeDoux, M. E. Astiz, C. M. Carpati, and E. C. Rackow, “Effects of perfusion pressure on tissue perfusion in septic shock,” Critical Care Medicine, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 2729–2732, 2000. View at Scopus
  15. P. M. Reilly, K. B. Wilkins, K. C. Fuh, U. Haglund, and G. B. Bulkley, “The mesenteric hemodynamic response to circulatory shock: an overview,” Shock, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 329–343, 2001. View at Scopus
  16. J. P. Revelly, T. Ayuse, N. Brienza, H. E. Fessler, and J. L. Robotham, “Endotoxic shock alters distribution of blood flow within the intestinal wall,” Critical Care Medicine, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1345–1351, 1996. View at Scopus
  17. E. Ruokonen, J. Takala, A. Kari, H. Saxen, J. Mertsola, and E. J. Hansen, “Regional blood flow and oxygen transport in septic shock,” Critical Care Medicine, vol. 21, no. 9, pp. 1296–1303, 1993. View at Scopus
  18. J. Tuchschmidt, J. Fried, M. Astiz, and E. Rackow, “Elevation of cardiac output and oxygen delivery improves outcome in septic shock,” Chest, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 216–220, 1992. View at Scopus
  19. B. Vallet, N. Lund, S. E. Curtis, D. Kelly, and S. M. Cain, “Gut and muscle tissue PO2 in endotoxemic dogs during shock and resuscitation,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 793–800, 1994. View at Scopus
  20. Y. Hui, J. Du, C. Tang, G. Bin, and H. Jiang, “Changes in arterial hydrogen sulfide (H2S) content during septic shock and endotoxin shock in rats,” Journal of Infection, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 155–160, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. K. Koike, “Animal models for sepsis,” Nippon Rinsho, vol. 62, no. 12, pp. 2262–2266, 2004. View at Scopus
  22. S. J. Parker and P. E. Watkins, “Experimental models of gram-negative sepsis,” British Journal of Surgery, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 22–30, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. R. Venkataraman, J. A. Kellum, M. Song, and M. P. Fink, “Resuscitation with Ringer's ethyl pyruvate solution prolongs survival and modulates plasma cytokine and nitrite/nitrate concentrations in a rat model of lipopolysaccharide-induced shock,” Shock, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 507–512, 2002. View at Scopus
  24. E. A. Deitch, “Animal models of sepsis and shock: a review and lessons learned,” Shock, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1–11, 1998. View at Scopus
  25. P. E. Wischmeyer, M. Kahana, R. Wolfson, H. Ren, M. M. Musch, and E. B. Chang, “Glutamine induces heat shock protein and protects against endotoxin shock in the rat,” Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 2403–2410, 2001. View at Scopus
  26. F. M. van Haren, J. W. Sleigh, P. Pickkers, and J. G. van der Hoeven, “Gastrointestinal perfusion in septic shock,” Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 679–694, 2007. View at Scopus
  27. P. F. Moon, M. A. Hollyfield-Gilbert, T. L. Myers, and G. C. Kramer, “Effects of isotonic crystalloid resuscitation on fluid compartments in hemorrhaged rats,” Shock, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 355–361, 1994. View at Scopus
  28. I. Farquhar, C. M. Martin, C. Lam, R. Potter, C. G. Ellis, and W. J. Sibbald, “Decreased capillary density in vivo in bowel mucosa of rats with normotensive sepsis,” Journal of Surgical Research, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 190–196, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. E. E. Moore, F. A. Moore, R. J. Franciose, F. J. Kim, W. L. Biffl, and A. Banerjee, “The postischemic gut serves as a priming bed for circulating neutrophils that provoke multiple organ failure,” Journal of Trauma, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 881–887, 1994. View at Scopus
  30. A. Secchi, R. Wellmann, E. Martin, and H. Schmidt, “Dobutamine maintains intestinal villus blood flow during normotensive endotoxemia: an intravital microscopic study in the rat,” Journal of Critical Care, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 137–141, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. C. J. Theuer, M. A. Wilson, G. D. Steeb, and R. N. Garrison, “Microvascular vasoconstriction and mucosal hypoperfusion of the rat small intestine during bacteremia,” Circulatory Shock, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 61–68, 1993. View at Scopus
  32. E. R. Zakaria, R. T. Hurt, P. J. Matheson, and R. N. Garrison, “A novel method of peritoneal resuscitation improves organ perfusion after hemorrhagic shock,” American Journal of Surgery, vol. 186, no. 5, pp. 443–448, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. Y. Miyata, S. Muto, S. Yanagiba, and Y. Asano, “Extracellular Cl(-) modulates shrinkage-induced activation of Na(+)/H(+) exchanger in rat mesangial cells,” American Journal of Physiology—Cell Physiology, vol. 278, no. 6, pp. C1218–C1229, 2000. View at Scopus
  34. D. W. Loe, R. G. Deeley, and S. P. Cole, “Biology of the multidrug resistance-associated protein, MRP,” European Journal of Cancer, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 945–957, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. A. Spittler, M. Razenberger, H. Kupper et al., “Relationship between interleukin-6 plasma concentration in patients with sepsis, monocyte phenotype, monocyte phagocytic properties, and cytokine production,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 1338–1342, 2000. View at Scopus
  36. B. Rippe and G. Stelin, “Simulations of peritoneal solute transport during CAPD. Application of two-pore formalism,” Kidney International, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 1234–1244, 1989. View at Scopus
  37. E. R. Zakaria and B. Rippe, “Osmotic barrier properties of the rat peritoneal membrane,” Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, vol. 149, no. 3, pp. 355–364, 1993. View at Scopus
  38. H. Demissachew, J. Lofthouse, and M. F. Flessner, “Tissue sources and blood flow limitations of osmotic water transport across the peritoneum,” Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 347–353, 1999. View at Scopus
  39. E. R. Zakaria, J. Lofthouse, and M. F. Flessner, “Effect of intraperitoneal pressures on tissue water of the abdominal muscle,” American Journal of Physiology—Renal Physiology, vol. 278, no. 6, pp. F875–F885, 2000. View at Scopus
  40. A. Breborowicz, A. Polubinska, and D. G. Oreopoulos, “Changes in volume of peritoneal mesothelial cells exposed to osmotic stress,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 119–123, 1999. View at Scopus
  41. E. R. Zakaria, J. Lofthouse, and M. F. Flessner, “Hydrostatic and osmotic pressures modulate partitioning of tissue water in abdominal muscle during dialysis,” Peritoneal Dialysis International, vol. 19, supplement 2, pp. S208–S211, 1999. View at Scopus
  42. K. Waxman, “Shock: ischemia, reperfusion, and inflammation,” New Horizons, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 153–160, 1996. View at Scopus
  43. P. Rhee, D. Wang, P. Ruff et al., “Human neutrophil activation and increased adhesion by various resuscitation fluids,” Critical Care Medicine, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 74–78, 2000. View at Scopus
  44. K. Waxman, “What mediates tissue injury after shock?” New Horizons, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 151–152, 1996. View at Scopus
  45. J. W. Hopkins, B. Chandramouli, and P. Wall, “Preliminary resuscitation for perforated necrotizing enterocolitis: 2 cases treated with initial direct peritoneal resuscitation,” Journal of Pediatric Surgery, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 237–240, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar