Table 1: Types of microcapsules available for the targeted delivery of probiotic bacteria.

Types of MicrocapsulesBacteriaReference(s)

Alginate BeadsL. rhamnosus
B. longum
L. salivarius
L. plantarum
L. acidophilus
L. paracasei
L. casei
B. lactis
L. reuteri
[6470]

Alginate-cellulose acetate phthalateB. lactis
L. acidophilus
[71]

Alginate-chitosanB. animalis subsp. lactis
L. bulgaricus
[72, 73]

Alginate-chitosan-Acryl-EzeB. animalis subsp. lactis [72]

Alginate-chitosan-alginateB. bifidum
L. casei
[64]

Alginate-chitosan-SuretericB. animalis subsp. lactis [72]

Alginate-coated gelatinB. adolescentis
B. pseudolongum
[74]

Alginate-poly-L-lysine-alginateB. bifidum
L. reuteri
L. casei
[64, 75]

Alginate-starchL. acidophilus
B. lactis
B. infantis
L. casei
[7678]

Gelatin-gum arabic-soluble starchB. infantis
B. longum
[7981]

Gelatin-toluene-2-4-diisocyanateL. lactis[82]

Gellan-alginateB. bifidum[83]

Gellan-xanthanB. adolescentis
B. bifidum
B. breve
B. infantis
B. lactis
B. longum
[8486]

Genipin-crosslinked-alginate-chitosanL. plantarum[87]

Pectin-caseinB. lactis
L. acidophilus
[88]

Potato starch granules-amyloseB. longum[89]

Whey proteinB. breve
B. longum
L. rhamnosus
[90, 91]

κ-carageenanB. longum
S. thermophilus
L. bulgaricus
S. lactis
[92, 93]