Table 2: Body weight gain and serum biochemistries of mice fed experimental diets.

NDEDMEDESDEPD

Body weight gain (g/9 weeks) 1 0 . 9 ± 0 . 4 a 1 5 . 3 ± 0 . 8 c 7 . 6 ± 0 . 7 b 7 . 5 ± 0 . 6 b 4 . 6 ± 0 . 6 c
Triglyceride (mmol/L) 0 . 7 8 ± 0 . 0 1 b 0 . 8 1 ± 0 . 0 2 a b 0 . 7 4 ± 0 . 0 3 b 0 . 8 6 ± 0 . 0 2 a 0 . 7 5 ± 0 . 0 2 b
Total  cholesterol (mmol/L) 2 . 1 7 ± 0 . 1 9 b 2 . 1 5 ± 0 . 1 3 b 1 . 9 6 ± 0 . 1 3 b 2 . 6 5 ± 0 . 1 8 a 2 . 2 3 ± 0 . 1 0 a
HDL  cholesterol (mmol/L) 0 . 8 8 ± 0 . 0 4 b 1 . 1 0 ± 0 . 1 0 a 1 . 1 7 ± 0 . 0 6 a 1 . 0 4 ± 0 . 0 8 a b 1 . 0 9 ± 0 . 0 6 a b
VLDL + LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)2 1 . 2 9 ± 0 . 1 9 a b 1 . 0 6 ± 0 . 1 5 b 0 . 7 9 ± 0 . 1 2 b 1 . 6 0 ± 0 . 2 1 a 1 . 1 4 ± 0 . 1 5 a b
Atherogenic index3 1 . 5 2 ± 0 . 2 5 a 1 . 0 7 ± 0 . 2 1 a b 0 . 7 0 ± 0 . 1 3 b 1 . 6 5 ± 0 . 2 1 a 1 . 1 2 ± 0 . 1 0 a b
Free fatty acid (μEq/L) 8 0 8 ± 3 1 b 9 9 0 ± 2 7 a 8 4 8 ± 3 6 b 1 0 7 4 ± 5 2 a 8 8 3 ± 3 2 b
ALT (IU/ml) 6 . 8 7 ± 0 . 4 2 c 2 1 . 2 ± 0 . 8 9 a 1 7 . 5 ± 0 . 5 3 b 2 1 . 3 ± 0 . 7 8 a 2 1 . 2 ± 1 . 0 4 a
AST (IU/ml) 1 7 . 6 3 ± 1 . 6 3 b 2 2 . 3 ± 2 . 0 5 a 1 7 . 4 ± 1 . 0 5 b 2 4 . 6 ± 1 . 0 4 a 2 4 . 9 ± 0 . 9 8 a

1Each value is expressed as mean ± SEM ( 𝑛 = 8 ). Means with different letters within a row are significantly different ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 5 ).
2VLDL + LDL cholesterol (mmol/L) = Total cholesterol − HDL cholesterol.
3Atherogenic index = (Total cholesterol − HDL cholesterol)/ HDL cholesterol.